Skip to main content

Table 7 Licensing, supply and distribution of five other obstetrical drugs as reported by drug information officers or drug regulatory officials – survey

From: Translating research into policy and practice in developing countries: a case study of magnesium sulphate for pre-eclampsia

Country/drug Licensed Problems with supply or distribution Comments
Armenia    
   Folic acid Yes No  
   Ergometrin Yes No The registered form is methylergometrine.
   Oxytocin Yes No  
   Hydralazine No Yes There is a demand for the drug, but no interest from drug companies.
   Nevirapine Yes Yes There is a demand for the drug, but no interest from drug companies.
Bolivia    
   Folic acid Yes & No Yes Availability problems within the public health services (logistical).
   Ergometrin No No  
   Oxytocin No No  
   Hydralazine No Yes Not available in the national market. Only imported by two suppliers for use in public health facilities.
   Nevirapine Yes Yes Not on national EML & not registered so not available on the national market. AZT is available but expensive.
Cambodia    
   Folic acid Yes No  
   Ergometrin Yes Yes There are often shortages due to short shelf-life.
   Oxytocin Yes No  
   Hydralazine Yes Yes There are often shortages due to short shelf-life.
   Nevirapine No DN Not available in Cambodia.
India    
   Folic acid NR No  
   Ergometrin NR No  
   Oxytocin NR No  
   Hydralazine NR Yes Low demand as a better therapeutic alternative is available. Produced by one manufacturer only.
   Nevirapine NR Yes & No  
Indonesia    
   Folic acid No No  
   Ergometrin No No  
   Oxytocin No No  
   Hydralazine No No  
   Nevarapine DN DN Only been registered in 2002 so too early to know if there are any problems with supply.
Iran    
   Folic acid Yes No  
   Ergometrin Yes No  
   Oxytocin Yes No  
   Hydralazine Yes No  
   Nevirapine No Yes This drug is not being used in Iran.
Philippines    
   Folic acid Yes No  
   Ergometrin Yes No  
   Oxytocin Yes No  
   Hydralazine Yes No  
   Nevirapine No NR Not registered by the Bureau of Food & Drugs.
Rwanda    
   Folic acid Yes No  
   Ergometrin DN No  
   Oxytocin Yes No  
   Hydralazine Yes Yes Many health facilities of out of stock.
   Nevirapine Yes No  
Yemen    
   Folic acid Yes DN  
   Ergometrin Yes DN  
   Oxytocin Yes DN  
   Hydralazine DN DN  
   Nevirapine DN DN No cases.
  1. DN = do not know
  2. NR = not reported