Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Relative risk reduction for hospitalization with recommended staffing

From: Cost-effectiveness of recommended nurse staffing levels for short-stay skilled nursing facility patients

Parameter Base Case Biased toward recommended staffing Biased against recommended staffing Ref.
Nurse assistant factors*     
   Congestive heart failure 3.4% 5.7% 0.2% [5]
   Electrolyte imbalance 3.2% 5.4% 0.2% [5]
   Sepsis 11.3% 14.5% 6.3% [5]
   Urinary tract infection 4.3% 7.2% 0.1% [5]
Licensed staff factors*     
   Electrolyte imbalance 2.9% 4.9% 0.4% [5]
   Respiratory infection 2.8% 5.0% 0.1% [5]
   Sepsis 6.1% 10.3% 0.4% [5]
   Urinary tract infection 4.7% 6.9% 1.8% [5]
Registered nurse factors*     
   Electrolyte imbalance 3.0% 5.2% 0.1% [5]
   Sepsis 5.7% 9.6% 0.4% [5]
   Urinary tract infection 3.9% 6.5% 0.4% [5]
  1. Parameters governing efficacy of recommended staffing levels at reducing hospital transfer rates are listed here. Not all staff were effective in preventing all five types of hospital conditions; only statistically significant reductions in hospital transfer were used in the analysis. Base case values represent the best available estimate of the parameter in question. Values listed under the column "biased toward recommended staffing" and "biased against recommended staffing" represent extreme values of the parameter that are most favorable and least favorable to the recommended staffing scenario when tested in sensitivity analyses, and were derived from 95 percent confidence intervals around efficacy parameters. Abbreviation: Ref., reference.
  2. *All efficacy factors were varied simultaneously and also by group (RN, Licensed staff, and NA).