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Table 4 Associations of characteristics of primary medical services with health care indicators. Analyses were adjusted for Townsend deprivation score, proportion in social class IV and V, and proportion in households with head born in New Commonwealth.

From: Availability and structure of primary medical care services and population health and health care indicators in England

  Hospital admissions Acute (per 100,000) Hospital admissions Chronic (per 100,000) Conceptions <18 years (per 1000)
  Coefficienta (95% CI) P value Coefficienta (95% CI) P value Coefficienta (95% CI) P value
Supply of services       
GP supply (wte per 10,000 weighed population) -15.3 (-21.6 to -9.0) <0.001 -12.0 (-18.0 to -6.1) <0.001 -6.2 (-8.5 to -4.0) <0.001
Characteristics of registered patients       
Rural patients (%) -1.09 (-1.48 to -0.70) <0.001 -0.62 (-1.01 to -0.23) 0.002 -0.30 (-0.45 to -0.14) <0.001
Patients ≥ 75 years (%) -3.98 (-6.55 to -1.42) 0.003 -1.91 (-4.34 to 0.52) 0.121 -1.05 (-2.03 to -0.07) 0.036
Structure of Services       
Mean partnership size (partners) -10.9 (-16.1 to -5.8) <0.001 -8.8 (-13.6 to -4.0) <0.001 -2.6 (-4.7 to -0.6) 0.011
Single handed practices (10% increase) 5.5 (2.8 to 8.3) <0.001 4.3 (1.7 to 6.9) 0.001 1.1 (0.1 to 2.2) 0.037
GPs aged ≥ 61 years (10% increase) 19.2 (7.9 to 30.5) 0.001 15.5 (5.1 to 26.0) 0.004 3.9(-0.5 to 8.3) 0.081
Practices with a female GP (10% increase) -5.0 (-7.6 to -2.4) <0.001 -4.2 (-6.6 to -1.8) 0.001 -1.2 (-2.2 to -0.2) 0.018
Type of Services       
Diabetes services (10% increase) -2.3 (-9.3 to 4.6) 0.507 -4.5 (-10.8 to 1.9) 0.164 -1.3 (-3.9 to 1.3) 0.330
Child health surveillance services (10% increase) -4.6 (-10.1 to 1.0) 0.107 -3.0 (-1.8 to 2.1) 0.250 0.9 (-1.2 to 3.0) 0.377
Contraceptive services (10% increase) -13.2 (-21.9 to -4.5) 0.003 -8.7 (-16.9 to -0.6) 0.037 -0.7 (4.1 to 2.7) 0.672
  1. acoefficients represent the mean difference in outcome variable per unit increase in the explanatory variable bstandardised for age and sex CI, confidence interval; GP, general practitioner