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Table 5 Means (Analysis of Variance) and adjusted means (Analysis of Covariance with control variables age and gender) of the socio-demographic variables for the 5 functioning scales

From: Socio-demographic factors and self-reported funtional status: the significance of social support

Variables SORM SCR SL MSCR MSORM
  Mean Adj. mean Mean Adj. mean Mean Adj. mean Mean Adj. mean Mean Adj. mean
Gender           
   Male 3.90**   2.20NS   0.26**   0.07NS   0.32***  
   Female 4.25   2.24   0.40   0.10   0.47  
Age groups           
   17–25 3.18***   2.11***   0.01***   0.00***   0.04***  
   26–44 3.40   2.05   0.06   0.01   0.19  
   45–54 3.83   2.14   0.20   0.03   0.30  
   55–64 4.63   2.20   0.43   0.07   0.69  
   65 + 5.60   2.64   1.01   0.31   0.84  
Marital status           
   Single 3.30*** 4.40NS 2.15*** 2.38* 0.07*** 0.52* 0.01*** 0.13** 0.06*** 0.44NS
   Married 4.11 4.13 2.19 2.18 0.32 0.33 0.07 0.07 0.44 0.45
   Widowed 5.24 4.11 2.61 2.39 0.86 0.41 0.30 0.18 0.70 0.31
Education           
   1st 5.11*** 4.24** 2.52*** 2.32*** 0.80*** 0.48*** 0.23*** 0.13** 0.72*** 0.45NS
   2nd 3.90 3.72 2.10 2.06 0.23 0.17 0.05 0.03 0.41 0.35
   3rd 3.73 3.85 2.15 2.18 0.24 0.29 0.07 0.08 0.29 0.32
   4th 3.56 4.10 2.21 2.33 0.09 0.29 0.02 0.08 0.14 0.30
   5th 3.43 3.83 2.02 2.11 0.10 0.25 0.02 0.07 0.02 0.15
Employm. status           
   employed 3.53*** 3.92** 2.06*** 2.12** 0.12*** 0.27** 0.01*** 0.05*** 0.21*** 0.34**
   unemployed 4.69 4.29 2.38 2.32 0.57 0.42 0.17 0.13 0.61 0.49
Living arrangements           
Parents/others of 'head' 5.14*** 4.54* 2.47*** 2.33NS 0.89*** 0.67*** 0.22*** 0.16*** 0.62*** 0.39NS
Children of 'head' 3.24 4.65 2.12 2.44 0.03 0.56 0.00 0.13 0.04 0.57
Lives only with spouse 5.23 4.80 2.40 2.29 0.80 0.64 0.23 0.19 0.77 0.61
Lives alone 5.47 4.66 2.70 2.54 0.93 0.63 0.41 0.34 0.77 0.46
Couple with children 3.72 4.30 2.11 2.24 0.15 0.37 0.02 0.07 0.32 0.54
'Head' without spouse living with others 4.31 4.17 2.54 2.51 0.54 0.49 0.08 0.07 0.46 0.40
Size of the household           
   1 5.40*** 4.48NS 2.68** 2.52NS 0.90*** 0.55NS 0.40*** 0.55NS 0.75*** 0.31***
   2–4 4.10 4.40 2.22 2.27 0.34 0.45 0.08 0.45 0.41 0.11
   5 + 3.85 4.47 2.17 2.28 0.23 0.48 0.04 0.48 0.33 0.11
  1. *** p ≤ 0.001, ** p ≤ 0.01, *p ≤ 0.05, NS=non statistically significant