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Table 5 Return on investment ratios of primary care in hospital cost savings by common preventable chronic disease

From: Better health outcomes at lower costs: the benefits of primary care utilisation for chronic disease management in remote Indigenous communities in Australia’s Northern Territory

  Medium level of primary care High level of primary care
Diabetes $12.95 $4.20
IHD $11.83 $4.61
COPD $7.21 $2.50
Renal Disease $21.67 $6.86
Hypertension $9.72 $3.21
Total average $11.75 $3.95
  1. Notes: COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; IHD: Ischemic heart disease; Medium level: 2-11 visits per year, High level: 12 visits per year or more