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Table 4 Junior researchers’ perception of barriers in subjective sub competencies for five disciplines

From: Research capacity and training needs for non-communicable diseases in the public health arena in Turkey

(n = 46) Importance score mean ± SD Performance score mean ± SD Gap (difference) mean ± SD Training need % Familiarity %
Health economics 5.8 ± 1.3 2.4 ± 1.3 3.4 ± 1.5 78 57
Statistical and econometric analysis 5.8 ± 1.3 2.0 ± 1.3 3.8 ± 1.7 84 48
Microeconomics of health care 5.7 ± 1.5 2.0 ± 1.3 3.6 ± 1.8 82 41
Health accounting 5.8 ± 1.5 2.3 ± 1.2 3.5 ± 1.7 75 55
Economic evaluation 5.9 ± 1.4 2.4 ± 1.5 3.4 ± 1.9 75 59
Health Financing functions 5.9 ± 1.3 2.6 ± 1.5 3.2 ± 1.6 75 66
Economics of health systems 6.1 ± 1.3 2.9 ± 1.7 3.2 ± 1.7 77 73
Provider payment mechanisms 5.7 ± 1.6 2.6 ± 1.6 3.0 ± 1.7 77 57
Health policy 6.0 ± 1.3 2.9 ± 1.5 3.1 ± 1.6 84 72
Monitoring and evaluation methods 5.9 ± 1.5 2.6 ± 1.6 3.3 ± 1.8 84 57
Health policy analysis frameworks 5.8 ± 1.5 2.5 ± 1.6 3.3 ± 1.9 84 64
Policy processes in health care 6.2 ± 1.3 3.1 ± 1.6 3.1 ± 1.7 82 77
Impact of policies on population 6.1 ± 1.3 3.0 ± 1.6 3.0 ± 1.7 84 82
Political influence on resource alloc. 5.9 ± 1.4 3.0 ± 1.6 3.0 ± 1.8 82 71
Organization, financing & health syst. 6.2 ± 1.3 3.3 ± 1.7 2.9 ± 1.7 86 82
Environmental health 6.2 ± 0.9 3.2 ± 1.6 3.0 ± 1.6 76 74
Environmental epidemiology 6.2 ± 1.0 2.9 ± 1.7 3.4 ± 1.7 82 64
Policies to mitigate env. hazards 6.3 ± 1.1 3.0 ± 1.7 3.3 ± 1.8 75 73
Interaction of environ. determinants 6.1 ± 1.1 2.9 ± 1.5 3.2 ± 1.8 80 75
Health & environ. risk assessment 6.3 ± 1.0 3.2 ± 1.7 3.1 ± 1.7 80 75
Factors modifying impact of env. 6.1 ± 1.1 3.1 ± 1.8 3.0 ± 1.8 75 71
Exposure assessment methods 6.1 ± 1.1 3.2 ± 1.9 2.9 ± 1.8 77 71
Sources, pathways, of exposure 6.3 ± 0.9 3.5 ± 1.9 2.8 ± 1.7 71 80
Major environ. & occup. hazards 6.4 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 1.9 2.7 ± 1.8 68 82
Medical anthrop & sociology 5.9 ± 1.2 3.0 ± 1.5 2.9 ± 1.6 75 63
Ethnographic methods 5.6 ± 1.5 2.4 ± 1.7 3.2 ± 1.8 77 34
Health seeking behavior 6.2 ± 1.1 3.2 ± 1.8 3.0 ± 1.8 77 71
Historical & political dimensions 5.9 ± 1.2 2.9 ± 1.8 3.0 ± 1.8 71 59
The clinic/hospital as social 5.6 ± 1.6 2.7 ± 1.6 2.9 ± 1.7 75 59
Role of culture in health 5.9 ± 1.3 3.1 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 1.9 77 66
Social inequalities in health 6.3 ± 1.1 3.7 ± 1.8 2.6 ± 1.9 73 84
Understanding popular health 5.8 ± 1.5 3.2 ± 1.7 2.6 ± 1.8 73 71
Epidemiology 6.3 ± 0.7 4.3 ± 1.4 2.0 ± 1.6 73 87
Mathematical modeling 6.0 ± 1.2 3.0 ± 1.5 3.0 ± 1.9 89 66
Disease surveillance 6.4 ± 0.8 4.0 ± 1.5 2.4 ± 1.6 82 86
Methods in epidemiology 6.6 ± 0.7 4.5 ± 1.8 2.1 ± 1.7 64 93
Subjective health measures 5.9 ± 1.1 3.8 ± 1.7 2.1 ± 1.7 73 84
Effect modification (confounding) 6.2 ± 1.0 4.2 ± 1.7 2.0 ± 1.9 77 82
Risk factors and susceptibility 6.5 ± 0.8 4.5 ± 1.7 2.0 ± 1.8 77 89
Validity and reliability 6.4 ± 0.8 4.4 ± 1.7 2.0 ± 1.9 71 89
Association and causation 6.4 ± 0.8 4.6 ± 1.8 1.9 ± 1.8 68 91
Statistical analysis of data 6.5 ± 0.8 4.7 ± 1.7 1.8 ± 1.8 71 96
Measures of morbidity & mortality 6.3 ± 1.0 4.8 ± 1.8 1.4 ± 1.8 61 96