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Table 2 Summary – hospital use (overall ES, 95% CI, N, I 2 )

From: Self-management support interventions to reduce health care utilisation without compromising outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Combined QoL Self-management QoL Case management QoL Combined hospital use Self-management hospital use Case management hospital use
Respiratory 0.27 (0.16 to 0.37, n = 34, moderate) 0.28 (0.16 to 0.41, n = 27, moderate) 0.19 (0.02 to 0.36, n = 7, low) −0.21 (−0.32 to −0.09, n = 31, moderate) −0.19 (−0.33 to −0.05, n = 25, moderate) −0.26 (−0.42 to −0.10, n = 6, zero)
Cardiac 0.21 (0.14 to 0.28, n = 40, moderate) 0.19 (0.10 to 0.27, n = 27, moderate) 0.26 (0.12 to 0.39, n = 13, moderate) −0.23 (−0.34 to −0.13, n = 38, high) −0.20 (−0.33 to −0.07, n = 25, high) −0.29 (−0.47 to −0.11, n = 13, high)
Arthritis 0.16 (0.07 to 0.26, n = 11, zero) 0.17 (0.07 to 0.27, n = 7, zero) 0.13 (−0.13 to 0.39, n = 4, zero) −0.06 (−0.22 to 0.10, n = 6, moderate) −0.02 (−0.19 to 0.16, n = 5, moderate) −0.24 (−0.48 to 0.00, n = 1, NA)
Pain 0.13 (0.04 to 0.21, n = 19, low) 0.12 (0.02 to 0.22, n = 15, low) 0.20 (−0.10 to 0.50, n = 4, zero) −0.03 (−0.34 to 0.28, n = 3, low)   −0.03 (−0.34 to 0.28, n = 3, low)
Diabetes 0.44 (0.14 to 0.75, n = 10, high) 0.44 (0.14 to 0.75, n = 10, high)   −0.12 −0.29 to 0.05, n = 5, moderate) −0.12 −0.29 to 0.05 n = 5, moderate)  
Mental health 0.22 (0.11 to 0.33, n = 26, high) 0.05 (−0.07 to 0.17, n = 15, moderate) 0.38 (0.24 to 0.51, n = 11, high) −0.03 (−0.10 to 0.04, n = 21, low) −0.03 (−0.16 to 0.10, n = 13, moderate) −0.04 (−0.13 to 0.05, n = 8, zero)
Mixed 0.13 (0.02 to 0.24, n = 10, moderate) 0.11 (−0.03 to 0.24, n = 7, moderate) 0.22 (−0.03 to 0.48, n = 3, moderate) −0.12 (−0.20 to −0.03, n = 11, moderate) −0.09 (−0.17 to −0.02, n = 8, zero) −0.13 (−0.40 to 0.14, n = 3, moderate)
  1. Bold letters: > =0.2 and statistically significant effects.