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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the population stratified by diabetes care group

From: Resource use and costs of type 2 diabetes patients receiving managed or protocolized primary care: a controlled clinical trial

  Managed care Protocolized care Usual care P value usual care vs
Managed care Protocolized care
(n = 215) (n = 197) (n = 333)
Men (%) 52.1 53.8 51.1 0.81 0.54
Age (years) 64.6 (7.4) 65.5 (7.5) 64.4 (7.0) 0.66 0.07
Diabetes duration (years) 6 (2-11) 5 (3-10) 6 (3-10) 0.85 0.74
Married/living together (%) 81.1 78.2 80.4 0.84 0.54
Educational level (%)     <0.01 0.04
- low 52.8 48.2 59.5   
- medium 39.6 28.4 21.9   
- high 7.6 23.4 18.6   
Paid job (%) 17.9 26.4 18.6 0.84 0.04
Retired (%) 47.2 45.7 44.4 0.53 0.78
Disabled (%) 9.4 3.6 6.0 0.14 0.22
Smoking status (%)     0.48 0.25
- current 16.8 12.3 16.2   
- former 55.1 55.2 52.0   
- never 28.1 32.5 31.8   
Treatment (%)     0.05 <0.01
- diet only 11.8 24.0 20.1   
- oral medication 67.3 64.1 56.8   
- insulin 8.1 1.6 10.0   
- insulin and oral medication 12.8 10.4 13.1   
Treated in secondary care (specialist in internal medicine) 1.0 5.6 13.3 <0.01 0.01
  1. Values are presented as mean (SD), median (interquartile range) or proportions.