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Table 3 Association between cantonal supply and demand and PAH standardized ratio

From: Comparing potentially avoidable hospitalization rates related to ambulatory care sensitive conditions in Switzerland: the need to refine the definition of health conditions and to adjust for population health status

  Percentiles cut-off  
  25 50 75 Spearman coefficienta
Sickness funds’ annual costs for ambulatory care services, CHF 1.996 2.251 2.726 −0.270
Pro-pharmacy proportionb 0.082 0.268 0.414 0.048
Urban population proportionc 0.557 0.742 0.941 −0.081
Pharmacy density 0.136 0.190 0.362 −0.082
General practitioners’ density 0.583 0.620 0.681 0.162
Specialist practitioners’ density 0.999 1.172 1.608 −0.187
Hospital beds density 4.637 5.518 6.055 0.212
Annual cantonal income per inhabitant, CHF 44.141 49.282 55.027 −0.067
Educational leveld 12.686 12.839 13.028 −0.169
Deductible (CHF) 648 693 736 −0.290
Gatekeeper proportion 0.031 0.073 0.147 0.299
Unemployment rates 30.70 32.90 41.81 −0.140
  1. Rates are expressed per 1,000 inhabitants.
  2. asignificant if ≥0.472 (18 degrees of freedom).
  3. bproportion of medication costs dispensed by physicians.
  4. cproportion of populations living in a town (>10,000 inhabitants).
  5. daverage number of years in education.