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Table 1 Characteristics of hospitals and hospital environments in 2001 and 2007

From: Decomposition of the drivers of the U.S. hospital spending growth, 2001–2009

  2001 2007 Change
Net patient revenue (millions) $126 $193 53%
Adjusted days (thousands) 89 98 10%
Net patient revenue per adjusted day $1,377 $1,961 42%
Staffing and labor-related costs    
Labor-related cost per hour 88.9 103.3 16%
FTE per bed 4.8 5.5 14%
RN per bed 1.2 1.5 25%
LPN per bed 0.2 0.1 -10%
Residents per bed 0.1 0.1 5%
Technology    
% Hospitals with cardiac catherterization lab 67% 65% -3%
% Hospitals with open heart surgery facility 41% 45% 10%
# of Medicare AMI cases 66.8 55.3 -17%
% Medicare AMI receiving PTCA 12% 15% 27%
% Medicare AMI receiving CABG 4% 3% -10%
% Hospitals with PET 17% 23% 35%
% Hospitals with SPECT 61% 58% -6%
% Hospitals with ESWL 34% 37% 9%
% Hospitals with MRI 78% 82% 4%
% Hospitals with NICU 34% 37% 7%
Market competition    
MC penetration 64% 57% -12%
MC HHI 1600 1769 11%
Hospital HHI 3511 3454 -2%
Hospital Characteristics    
     % FP Hospital 18% 19% 4%
     % Government 12% 12% 1%
     % Teaching 10% 9% -6%
     % Hospital with < =100 beds 17% 19% 11%
     % Hospital with 101–150 beds 16% 15% -8%
     % Hospital with 151–200 beds 14% 14% -6%
     % Hospital with 201–300 beds 22% 22% 0%
     % Hospital with 301–500 beds 23% 22% -5%
     % Hospital with >500 beds 7% 9% 20%
     Occupancy Rate 66% 66% -1%
     Member of a hospital system 60% 63% 6%
Casemix and demographics    
Medicare casemix 1.41 1.45 3%
Per capita Income $30,070 $36,711 22%
Unemployment rate 5% 4% -11%
% population > 65 y/o 12% 12% -2%
MD per capita 2.76 2.81 2%
Payer Mix    
% Revenue medicare 31% 30% -5%
% Revenue medicaid 17% 17% -5%
Observations 1,704 1,642