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Table 1 Different components of the ADL assessment and intervention tested in the RCT study: activity, content and examples

From: Evaluation of a complex intervention to improve activities of daily living of disabled cancer patients: protocol for a randomised controlled study and feasibility of recruitment and intervention

Activity Content Examples
Maintaining roles • Patient informs about family pattern • Roles in the patient’s family
  • Occupational therapist advises patient in maintaining roles despite illness • Using assistive devices
Compensatory strategies • Ergonomics • Advice on work techniques
  • Information about energy-saving methods  
  • Assistive devices • Delivery
  • Instruction  
  • Supervision on use  
Cooperation between occupational therapist and other health professionals (without patient being present) • Practical matters in the departments • Conferences
  • Arranging help in patient’s home after discharge • Telephone calls
  • Referral to local specialists for support and treatment, i.e. GP, physiotherapist, occupational therapist • Planning the intervention
Training daily activities • Personal activities • Dressing
  (occupational therapist observes and guides the patient) • Bathing
  • Occupational and household activities • Work
  (occupational therapist observes and guides the patient) • Housework
  • Leisure activities • Swimming
  (occupational therapist observes and guides the patient) • Watching TV
Home modifications • Adapting the environment to meet the patient’s needs. • Refurnishing
   • Installation of ramps
   • Installation of raised toilet seat
   • Rearranging the room functionality
Prioritising daily activities • Occupational therapist assists the patient in prioritising daily activities • Receiving assistance with some activities
   • Sustaining self-reliance in the most important activities
Upper-limb orthoses • Adjustment • Hand orthoses
  • Supply • Lymphedema gloves
Facial Oral Tract Therapy (FOTT) • Specific analysis of difficulties handling eating procedures • Cleaning teeth
  • Posture, movement, sensation • Eating
  • Exercises • Drinking
Instruction and self-training • Instruction in transfer • Accessibility
   • Mobility
  • Self-training programmes • ADL training
   • Physical training
   • FOTT exercises
Rehabilitation plan for intervention in primary health care • Rehabilitation plan is made in cooperation between patient and occupational therapist and sent to therapists in primary health care • Functional level at time of discharge
   • Rehabilitation goals