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Table 3 The results of the analyses of covariance for job satisfaction

From: The prospective effects of workplace violence on physicians’ job satisfaction and turnover intentions: the buffering effect of job control

  Model Aa Model Bb Model Cc Model Dd
  F p F p F p F p
Physical violence 14.4 <0.001 5.6 0.004 4.8 0.009 0.2 0.799
Bullying 24.7 <0.001 10.2 0.001 9.9 0.002 2.4 0.123
Job control 81.2 <0.001 6.4 0.011 6.0 0.015 5.8 0.016
Gender    0.2 0.648 0.1 0.716 0.2 0.664
Age    6.5 0.011 9.6 0.002 9.8 0.002
Baseline job satisfaction    142.0 <0.001 136.0 <0.001 134.4 <0.001
Response format    5.4 0.020 5.3 0.022 5.1 0.024
Specialisation status      2.5 0.079 2.6 0.074
Employment sector      3.2 0.039 3.3 0.038
Physical violence* Job control        0.1 0.950
Bullying* Job control        1.2 0.265
R2     0.16   0.16   0.16
  1. aModel A included univariate effects.
  2. bModel B included physical violence, bullying, job control, gender, age, baseline job satisfaction, and response format.
  3. cModel C included variables from model A and specialisation status and employment sector.
  4. dModel D included in addition to Model C also interactions physical violence*job control and bullying*job control.