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Table 2 Included studies – characteristics

From: Barriers and facilitators to evidence-use in program management: a systematic review of the literature

Primary author Publication year Study methods Study design Country Setting Participants
1 Belkhodja 2007 Telephone Survey Quantitative Canada Ministries, Health Authorities, Hospitals 928 decision-makers (managers and professionals)
2 Bowen 2009 Interviews and Focus Groups Quantitative Canada Health Authorities 205 decision-makers (senior managers, middle managers and board members)
3 Dobbins 2007(a) Interviews Quantitative Canada Public Health Units 16 decision-makers (6 program mangers, 6 directors, 1 Medical Officer of Health)
4 Dobbins 2001 Telephone Survey and Questionnaire Quantitative Canada Public Health Units 141 decision-makers (medical and associate medical officers of health, program directors, program managers)
5 Dobbins 2007(b) Telephone Survey Quantitative Canada Community-based health organizations 92 decision-makers (from any level from CEO to front-line clinicians, senior planners)
6 Farmer 2001 Interviews Quantitative Scotland Health Authorities 15 decision-makers (7 Directors’and 8 physician advisors)
7 Ham 2003 Interviews, Questionnaires, Case Studies Qualitative and Quantitative United Kingdom Health Authorities 257 decision-makers (152 managers, 44 medical specialists, 21 nurses, 12 administrative and clerical staff, 12 GPs, 16 other) 4 case studies
8 Higgins 2011 Interviews Qualitative Canada Health Authorities 21 decision-makers (16 front-line staff 5 managers)
9 Jbilou 2007 Survey Qualitative Canada Health Organizations (Hospitals, Health Authorities, Ministries, Agencies) 942 decision-makers (managers, professionals, in ministries, hospitals, boards and councils)
10 McDiarmid 2007 Telephone Interview Qualitative and Quantitative Canada Hospitals 21 decision-makers (16 front-line staff 5 managers)
11 Mitton 2004 Interviews and Focus Groups Qualitative Canada Health Authority 25 decision-makers (senior managers, clinicians)
12 Niedzwiedzka 2003 Survey, Interviews, Focus Groups, Document Review Qualitative and Quantitative Poland Hospitals and Departments of Health 815 decision-makers (hospital CEOs, medical directors, head nurses, directors) (#s for interviews and focus groups unknown)
13 Weatherly 2002 Survey, Interviews, Document Review Qualitative and Quantitative United Kingdom Health Authorities 102 Health Authorities (78 decision makers N 68 coordinators, 10 leaders)
14 Wilson 2001 Online Survey Quantitative Canada Community-based health organizations 25 decision-makers (Executive Directors)