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Table 5 Participants’ pattern of frequency of visits with professionals as regards most prevalent mental disorders (MD), psychological distress in past 12 months and number of MD as reported at T2 (N = 1823)

From: Determinants and patterns of service utilization and recourse to professionals for mental health reasons

  Major depression Panic disorder Social phobia Psychological distress Number of mental disorders in past 12 months excluding dependence to alcohol and drugs Number of mental disorders in past 12 months including dependence to alcohol and drugs
(n=157) (n=33) (n=61) (n=651)
Frequency of visits to professionals Mean SD P value1* Mean SD P value2* Mean SD P value3* Mean SD P value4* Mean SD P value** Mean SD P value**
Family physician 0.9 3.1 < .001 0.6 2.3 .002 0.7 3.6 .954 0.3 2.1 .028 0.6 0.8 < .001 0.7 1.0 < .001
Psychologist 1.8 9.5 .001 2.2 9.4 .004 0.9 3.2 .122 0.5 3.4 .082 0.6 1.0 .002 0.7 1.0 .011
Psychiatrist 0.2 0.9 .001 0.1 0.5 .512 0.1 0.6 .452 0.1 0.7 .138 0.7 1.0 .180 0.8 1.1 .438
Other professionals 0.8 4.3 .168 0.1 0.7 .531 0.8 3.3 .148 0.6 6.7 .947 0.5 0.9 .697 0.6 1.1 .580
Psychologist and family physician 2.7 10.5 < .001 2.8 11.6 .023 1.5 4.8 .258 0.8 4.4 .054 0.5 0.8 < .001 0.6 0.9 < .001
Psychiatrist and family physician 1.2 3.5 < .001 0.7 2.6 .013 0.8 3.7 .679 0.4 2.3 .041 0.6 0.8 < .001 0.6 0.9 < .001
Psychiatrist and psychologist 2.0 9.9 .001 2.3 9.5 .035 1.0 3.3 .073 0.6 3.6 .121 0.6 0.9 .002 0.6 1.0 .011
Psychiatrist, family physician and psychologist 3.0 11.0 < .001 2.9 11.8 .046 1.6 4.8 .236 0.9 4.6 .128 0.5 0.8 < .001 0.6 0.9 < .001
Psychiatrist, family physician, psychologist and other professionals 3.8 12.5 .001 3.1 12.0 .107 2.4 6.3 .143 1.5 8.3 .163 0.4 0.8 .028 0.5 0.9 .010
  1. *Independent sample t-test; **ANOVA t-test.
  2. 1Compare to those without Major depression.
  3. 2Compare to those without Panic disorder.
  4. 3Compare to those without Social phobia.
  5. 4Compare to those without Psychological distress.