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Table 5 Comparing responses across the two facilities

From: Patient safety culture in a large teaching hospital in Riyadh: baseline assessment, comparative analysis and opportunities for improvement

  Large Small  
  N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) P-Value*
Frequency of event reporting 1054 3.84 (1.11) 321 3.71 (1.12) 0.067
Overall perceptions of safety 1032 3.42 (0.58) 316 3.56 (0.63) <0.001
Supervisor/manager expectations and actions promoting safety 1043 3.48 (0.64) 323 3.59 (0.62) 0.007
Organizational learning-continuous improvement 1051 3.99 (0.59) 325 4.06 (0.49) 0.275
Teamwork within hospital units 1066 3.91 (0.66) 323 4.07 (0.53) <0.001
Communication openness 1051 3.23 (0.87) 325 3.43 (0.79) <0.001
Feedback and communication about errors 1054 3.92 (0.82) 325 3.86 (0.90) 0.298
Non-punitive response to error 1040 2.64 (0.80) 321 2.74 (0.77) 0.046
Staffing 1039 2.86 (0.63) 322 2.84 (0.61) 0.691
Hospital management support for patient safety 1064 3.75 (0.71) 320 3.96 (0.67) <0.001
Hospital handoffs and transitions 1030 3.43 (0.77) 317 3.52 (0.74) 0.071
Teamwork across hospital units 1038 3.54 (0.69) 320 3.73 (0.67) <0.001
   N (%)   N (%) P-Value
Patient safety grade      
 Poor or failing   38 (3.6%)   7 (2.1%) 0.001
 Acceptable   277 (26.3%)   57 (17.4%)  
 Excellent/Very good   740 (70.1%)   263 (80.4%)  
Number of events reported      
 No event reports   505 (46.2%)   183 (54.5%) 0.008
 1 to 5 event reports   508 (46.5%)   140 (41.7%)  
 >5 events reported   80 (7.3%)   13 (3.9%)  
  1. *Bold and italicized font is to refer to statistically significant p-values.