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Table 4 Distribution of questionnaire responses for secondary outcomes with between-group analyses

From: Evaluation of a tailored, multi-component intervention for implementation of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines in primary care physical therapy: a non-randomized controlled trial

  Baseline P value Follow-up P value
Intervention (n = 171)* Control (n = 100)* Intervention (n = 168)* Control (n = 88)*
Attitudes to EBP       
EBP is necessary    ns    ns
  Agree 151 (88.8%) 90 (90.9%)   153 (91.1%) 83 (94.3%)  
  Neutral 14 (8.2%) 5 (5.1%)   11 (6.5%) 5 (5.7%)  
  Disagree 5 (2.9%) 4 (4.0%)   4 (2.4%) 0 (0.0%)  
EBP places unreasonable demands    ns    ns
  Agree 37 (22.0%) 21 (21.2%)   41 (24.5%) 33 (37.5%)  
  Neutral 41 (24.4%) 18 (18.2%)   24 (14.4%) 14 (15.9%)  
  Disagree 90 (53.6%) 60 (60.6%)   102 (61.1%) 41 (46.6%)  
EBP helps decision making    ns    p = 0.018
  Agree 136 (81.0%) 86 (86.0%)   150 (89.3%) 74 (85.1%)  
  Neutral 26 (15.5%) 9 (9.0%)   11 (6.5%) 13 (14.9%)  
  Disagree 6 (3.6%) 5 (5.0%)   7 (4.2%) 0 (0.0%)  
Confident to find research    ns    ns
  Agree 104 (61.9%) 61 (61.9%)   113 (68.1%) 56 (65.1%)  
  Neutral 18 (10.7%) 11 (11.1%)   23 (13.8%) 11 (12.8%)  
  Disagree 46 (27.4%) 27 (27.3%)   30 (18.1%) 19 (22.1%)  
Confident to treat patients according to evidence    ns    ns
  Agree 109 (65.3%) 75 (75.0%)   123 (73.2%) 60 (68.2%)  
  Neutral 33 (19.8%) 12 (12.0%)   28 (16.7%) 20 (22.7%)  
  Disagree 25 (15.0%) 13 (13.0%)   17 (10.1%) 8 (9.1%)  
Attitudes to guidelines       
Important that guidelines exist    ns    ns
  Agree 160 (94.1%) 92 (92.0%)   159 (94.6%) 82 (94.3%)  
  Neutral 4 (2.4%) 1 (1.0%)   5 (3.0%) 3 (3.4%)  
  Disagree 6 (3.5%) 7 (7.0%)   4 (2.4%) 2 (2.3%)  
Important to use guidelines    ns    ns
  Agree 164 (95.9%) 97 (97.0%)   160 (95.8%) 84 (95.5%)  
  Neutral 6 (3.5%) 2 (2.0%)   6 (3.6%) 3 (3.4%)  
  Disagree 1 (0.6%) 1 (1.0%)   1 (0.6%) 1 (1.1%)  
Can integrate patient pref’s with guidelines    ns    ns
  Agree 121 (71.6%) 63 (63.0%)   138 (82.1%) 68 (78.2%)  
  Neutral 42 (24.8%) 32 (32.0%)   29 (17.3%) 18 (20.7%)  
  Disagree 6 (3.6%) 5 (5.0%)   1 (0.6%) 1 (1.1%)  
  1. Data are numbers (percentages); ns, not significant.
  2. *Numbers do not always add up to total n in respective group due to missing data.