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Table 1 Characteristics of couples & main outcomes of couple HIV testing

From: Couple experiences of provider-initiated couple HIV testing in an antenatal clinic in Lusaka, Zambia: lessons for policy and practice

Age of marital partners (in year) Length of marriage (in years/months) Couple-HIV Status Main outcome of CVCT
Couple 1: Man 32 yrs; woman 28 yrs 4 yrs Concordant couple Supportive marriage; protectivesex; woman assertive on condoms. Man provides treatment support.
Couple 2: Man 32 yrs; Woman 27 years 4.6 yrs Concordant couple CVCT strengthened marital bond; man ‘sticks’ to his wife; alternate use of condoms.
Couple 3: Man 36 yrs; Woman 29 years 8 yrs Concordant couple Man refuses to use condoms; threatens wife with divorce; wife economically dependent on spouse.
Couple 4: Man 26 yrs; Woman 22 years 3.8 yrs Concordant couple Man felt “trapped” to test; CVCT empowered wife to form new treatment support social networks.
Couple 5: Man 34 yrs; Woman 26 years 2.6 yrs Concordant couple Initial cessation of sex after CVCT. Safe sex still a challenge. However, CVCT enabled woman create supportive social support networks.
Couple 6: Man 23 yrs; Woman 20 years 2.1 yrs Concordant couple Supportive couple; young couple struggling to balance between Protect tion & procreation.
Couple 7: Man 34 yrs; Woman 26 years 4.9 yrs Concordant couple Man felt “trapped” to test; but encourages wife to attend support group meetings.
Couple 8: Man 26 yrs; Woman 22 years 4 yrs Discordant couple Supportive couple; reproductive (woman HIV-) aspirations undermine safe sex.
Couple 9: Man 28 yrs; Woman 23 years 2.6 yrs Discordant couple Strong bond but man’s desire for (woman HIV-) sexual intimacy & child bearing affects safe sex practice.
Couple 10: Man 46 yrs; Woman 29 years 5.7 yrs Discordant couple Man refuses safe sex; he wants (woman HIV-) male child; HIV-negative woman fears infection & threatens divorce.