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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of BRFSS veterans sample

From: The relationship between local area labor market conditions and the use of Veterans Affairs health services

   Unemployment quartile
  Total 1st(0.70–3.85) 2nd(3.86–4.89) 3rd(4.90–6.33) 4th(6.33–29.88)
Observations 73,964 18,596 18,169 18,662 18,537
Demographics (% or mean)      
Male (%) 92.5 92.3 92.3 93.0 92.3
White (%) 88.5 92.3 88.8 87.7 85.2
Black (%) 6.7 4.4 5.8 8.0 8.4
Age in years (SD) 59.27 (14.76) 58.33 (14.92) 59.41 (14.69) 59.86 (14.66) 59.48 (14.71)
Over 65 (%) 39.7 37.4 39.8 41.2 40.4
Married (%) 63.7 65.3 64.6 63.1 61.8
# Children under 18 (SD) 0.37 (0.88) 0.38 (0.90) 0.37 (0.86) 0.36 (0.87) 0.37 (0.89)
Education      
  < High school (%) 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.4 7.6
 High school (%) 29.2 28.1 28.9 29.4 30.5
 Attended college (%) 29.7 29.0 29.3 29.6 30.8
 Completed college (%) 34.6 37.0 35.5 34.7 31.2
Employed (%) 40.3 44.5 41.2 38.8 36.8
Income      
  < $25,000 (%) 24.5 22.2 22.5 24.7 28.8
  > = $25,000–$50,000 (%) 36.0 35.6 35.6 35.9 36.8
  > = $50,000–$75,000 (%) 18.7 19.5 19.2 18.9 17.1
  > = $75,000 (%) 20.8 22.7 22.7 20.6 17.3
Behavioral characteristics      
Vigorous exercise (%) 76.7 77.0 77.1 76.9 75.9
Smoking status      
 Current smoker (%) 21.2 20.7 20.6 21.3 22.4
 Former smoker (%) 44.8 44.3 45.3 45.5 44.1
 Never smoked (%) 33.9 35.0 34.0 33.2 33.5
Self reported health      
 Excellent (%) 18.7 20.3 19.1 18.3 17.2
 Very Good (%) 31.2 33.1 32.0 30.3 29.5
 Good (%) 31.2 30.2 30.9 32.1 31.7
 Fair (%) 12.9 11.2 12.6 13.1 14.6
 Poor (%) 5.9 5.1 5.5 6.1 7.0
# Physical poor health days (SD) 4.15 (8.96) 3.73 (8.51) 4.00 (8.82) 4.26 (9.07) 4.62 (9.41)
# Mental poor health days (SD) 2.56 (7.05) 2.29 (6.61) 2.42 (6.89) 2.67 (7.21) 2.88 (7.44)
Body mass index (Category)      
 Underweight (%) 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
 Normal (%) 28.7 30.0 28.8 28.5 27.5
 Overweight (%) 47.0 47.1 47.1 46.9 47.0
 Obese (30 < = BMI < 40) (%) 21.9 20.7 21.9 22.2 22.9
 Severely obese      
 (BMI > = 40) (%) 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.8
County variables      
# VA facilities (SD) 0.89 (1.12) 0.69 (0.85) 0.86 (0.88) 1.08 (1.18) 0.94 (1.43)
Unemployment rate (SD) 5.26 (2.20) 3.02 (0.59) 4.36 (0.29) 5.55 (0.41) 8.08 (2.20)
Time effects      
Year =2000 (%) 22.7 51.4 20.9 9.5 8.9
Year =2003 (%) 34.6 20.2 35.4 39.9 42.9
Year = 2004 (%) 42.7 28.5 43.6 50.5 48.2
Receiving VA care      
All health care from VA (%) 7.9 7.2 7.8 7.8 8.8
Some health care from VA (%) 9.5 8.8 9.5 10.3 9.5
No health care from VA (%) 82.6 83.9 82.7 81.9 81.8
  1. BMI = Body Mass Index; SD = Standard Deviation.