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Table 5 Results of multinomial logistic regression analysis

From: Exploring consumers’ attitudes towards informal patient payments using the combined method of cluster and multinomial regression analysis - the case of Hungary

  Model 1    Model 2   
VARIABLES Pr(clust = 1) Pr(clust = 2) Pr(clust = 3 Pr(clust = 1) Pr(clust = 2) Pr(clust = 3)
age < 35 0.0754* −0.0367 −0.0387 0.0783* −0.0287 −0.0495
  (1.889) (−0.993) (−1.030) (1.909) (−0.754) (−1.319)
age ≥ 60 0.0848* −0.0474 −0.0374 0.0636 −0.0409 −0.0227
  (1.920) (−1.154) (−0.923) (1.391) (−0.964) (−0.548)
gender: woman 0.0173 0.0568* −0.0741** 0.00993 0.0532 −0.0632*
  (0.525) (1.750) (−2.260) (0.290) (1.595) (−1.899)
residence: capital 0.124*** −0.169*** 0.0455 0.121** −0.169*** 0.0472
  (2.696) (−4.487) (0.999) (2.539) (−4.278) (1.016)
residence: village −0.0756** 0.0255 0.0500 −0.0866** 0.0241 0.0625
  (−2.019) (0.678) (1.294) (−2.261) (0.625) (1.578)
education: primary 0.0578 −0.121*** 0.0632 0.0528 −0.114*** 0.0617
  (1.249) (−2.963) (1.399) (1.097) (−2.677) (1.330)
education: tertiary 0.0964* −0.0234 −0.0730 0.0974* −0.0223 −0.0751
  (1.825) (−0.483) (−1.499) (1.781) (−0.449) (−1.556)
health status: bad, very bad 0.0738 −0.0366 −0.0372 0.0472 −0.0299 −0.0172
  (1.362) (−0.695) (−0.767) (0.836) (−0.543) (−0.331)
ln(income) −0.00711 0.0826** −0.0755** −0.0306 0.0863*** −0.0556*
  (−0.229) (2.561) (−2.541) (−0.962) (2.599) (−1.874)
number of household members 0.00688 0.0216 −0.0284* 0.0116 0.0240 −0.0356**
  (0.474) (1.522) (−1.955) (0.773) (1.636) (−2.413)
not visited physician - - - 0.0689 −0.0605 −0.00844
  - - - (1.464) (−1.436) (−0.201)
visited physician and paid informally - - - 0.271*** −0.0491 −0.222***
  - - - (5.340) (−1.053) (−5.914)
not hospitalized - - - −0.00551 0.0881* −0.0826
  - - - (−0.103) (1.721) (−1.571)
hospitalized and paid informally - - - 0.0818 0.0790 −0.161***
  - - - (0.998) (0.922) (−2.680)
Pr 0,3426 0,3272 0,3303 0,3424 0,3376 0,3200
Regression characteristics -   - - - -
Observations 892 892 892 888 888 888
Pseudo R-squared 0.0395 0.0395 0.0395 0.0704 0.0704 0.0704
Chi2 test 77.34 77.34 77.34 137.3 137.3 137.3
p 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
  1. Note: z-statistics in parentheses *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1.