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Table 4 Influence of ANC and PNC services on post-partum modern FP use, Zambia, 2007

From: Relationships between antenatal and postnatal care and post-partum modern contraceptive use: evidence from population surveys in Kenya and Zambia

Characteristic Distribution Post-partum modern FP use
% or mean (s.e.) Hazard ratio (s.e.)1
(1) (2)
ANC service intensity score .02 (−1.66; 1.26) 1.08 (1.02; 1.16)*
PNC service intensity score .61 (.0; 2) .99 (.91; 1.09)
N 3,587  
  1. 1Model controls for all women’s characteristics included in Table 1.
  2. † p<.010; * p<.05; ** p<.01; *** p<.001.