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Table 1 Guidelines on FP method provision in India

From: Provider imposed restrictions to clients’ access to family planning in urban Uttar Pradesh, India: a mixed methods study

Method Guidelines on eligibility barriers Guidelines on which providers allowed to provide method Included in GoI FP method list Name of guideline(s)
Female sterilization Age: 22-49 years Doctors Yes Division of Research Studies and Standards, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India: Standards for Female and Male Sterilization Services [25]
  Parity: 1+, above 1 year of age    
  Marital status: Ever-married    
IUCD Age: Nursing staff needs to refer women with age <20 to doctor for IUCD insertion Doctors Yes Family Planning Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India: IUCD manual for nursing personal [27]
  Parity: Nursing staff needs to refer nulliparous women to doctor for IUCD insertion Nurses   Family Planning Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India: IUCD Reference Manual for Medical Officers [26]
   Lady Health Visitors   
   Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs)   
Injectables Age: menarche to < 40 years - Use method in any circumstance; ≥ 40 years – Generally use the method Doctors** No USAID/India Dimpa Initiative [28]
  Parity: Use method in any circumstance for any parity    WHO medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use, 2009 [29]
Pill None Doctors Yes Family Planning Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India: List of drugs being provided in ASHA kit [30]
   Nurses   
   Midwives   
   TBAs/CHW*   
   Pharmacies   
Condom None Doctors Yes Family Planning Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India: List of drugs being provided in ASHA kit [30]
   Nurses   
   Midwives   
   TBAs/CHW*   
   Pharmacies   
  1. *Condoms and oral contraceptive pills are included in the National Rural Health Mission Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA, a community health worker) kit. ASHAs are the base of the health provider system in India.
  2. **Injectable contraceptives are primarily available through the Dimpa network in India, and within this network, only high level providers can give injections.