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Table 5 Average indirect costs incurred per low- and high-risk NSI

From: Economic benefits of safety-engineered sharp devices in Belgium - a budget impact model

Risk category Low High
Counselling [26, 39] €40.27 €238.45
Staff absence [40, 41] €22.95 €229.51
Compensation and litigation [12, 38, 4244] €376.26*
Total indirect cost per NSI €63.22 €844.22
  1. *Estimated based on an average of the costs reported by three English compensation cases involving a healthcare worker experiencing an NSI [4244], weighted by the relative proportion of high-risk NSIs resulting in seroconversion to either hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV from an infected source, and converted to 2012 Euro [38].