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Table 3 Odds ratio for visits to general practitioner

From: Changes in health care utilisation following a reform involving choice and privatisation in Swedish primary care: a five-year follow-up of GP-visits

     Model A    Model B    Model C
Men 25-44      OR (95%-CI)      OR (95%-CI)      OR (95%-CI)
Choice (after vs. before)        1.10 (1.08-1.11)        1.10 (1.08-1.11)        1.11 (1.09-1.13)
Family income (high vs. low)          1.42 (1.40-1.44)        1.35 (1.31-1.38)
Interaction (choice*family income)           0.98 (0.95-1.01)
Age        1.03 (1.03-1.03)        1.02 (1.02-1.02)        1.02 (1.02-1.02)
Variance (%) 14 14 14
Men 45-64    
Choice (after vs. before)        1.25 (1.23-1.27)        1.25 (1.23-1.27)        1.19 (1.17-1.22)
Family income (high vs. low)          1.04 (1.02-1.06)        1.00 (0.98-1.03)
Interaction (choice*family income)           1.04 (1.04-1.04)
Age        1.04 (1.04-1.04)        1.04 (1.04-1.04)        1.04 (1.04-1.04)
Variance (%) 18 18 18
Men 65-84    
Choice (after vs. before)        1.15 (1.13-1.18)        1.16 (1.13-1.18)        1.02 (0.99-1.06)
Family income (high vs. low)          1.30 (1.27-1.34)        1.16 (1.11-1.20)
Interaction (choice*family income)           1.29 (1.23-1.35)
Age        1.04 (1.04-1.04)        1.05 (1.04-1.05)        1.05 (1.04-1.05)
Variance (%) 23 23 23
Women 25-44    
Choice (after vs. before)        1.11 (1.10-1.13)        1.12 (1.10-1.13)        1.12 (1.10-1.15)
Family income (high vs. low)          1.26 (1.24-1.28)        1.28 (1.24-1.30)
Interaction (choice*family income)           0.99 (0.96-1.02)
Age        1.03 (1.02-1.03)        1.02 (1.02-1.02)        1.02 (1.02-1.02)
Variance (%) 17 16 16
Women 45-64    
Choice (after vs. before)        1.23 (1.21-1.25)        1.23 (1.21-1.25)        1.19 (1.17-1.23)
Family income (high vs. low)          0.91 (0.89-0.93)        0.88 (0.86-0.91)
Interaction (choice*family income)           1.07 (1.03-1.10)
Age        1.03 (1.03-1.03)        1.03 (1.03-1.03)        1.03 (1.03-1.03)
Variance (%) 21 21 21
Women 65-84    
Choice (after vs. before)        1.10 (1.08-1.12)        1.10 (1.07-1.12)        1.02 (0.98-1.06)
Family income (high vs. low)          1.16 (1.13-1.20)        1.04 (1.00-1.09)
Interaction (choice*family income)           1.25 (1.19-1.32)
Age        1.03 (1.03-1.03)        1.04 (1.03-1.04)        1.04 (1.03-1.04)
Variance (%) 28 28 28
  1. OR = odds ratio.
  2. CI = confidence interval.
  3. Model A = before-after reform.
  4. Model B = A + Family income.
  5. Model C = B + interaction family income and before-after.
  6. Variance on second level (individuals).