Skip to main content

Table 2 Client perceptions of the confidentiality, counselling and consent procedures within VCT and PITC

From: Client-provider interactions in provider-initiated and voluntary HIV counseling and testing services in Uganda

Client perceptions/experiences Total N = 627 VCT N = 326 PITC N = 301 Chi square (p value)
Pre-test session
Asked if they agreed to test     
Yes 480 (94.3) 282 (96.6) 198 (91.2)  
No 29 (5.7) 10 (3.4) 19 (8.8) 0.010
Explained choice to decline test     
Yes 435 (85.6) 262 (89.7) 173 (80.1) 0.002
No 73 (14.4) 30 (10.3) 43 (19.9)  
Told that results would remain confidential     
Yes 459 (90.2) 274 (93.8) 185 (85.3)  
No 48 (9.4) 16 (5.5) 32 (14.8) 0.001
Explained HIV transmission     
Yes 456 (89.6) 267 (91.4) 189 (87.1)  
No 52 (10.2) 24 (8.2) 28 (12.9) 0.159
Explained how the test works     
Yes 365 (71.9) 212 (72.6) 153 (70.8)  
No 143 (28.2) 80 (27.4) 63 (29.2) 0.661
Explained + ve/-ve results     
Yes 461 (91.3) 268 (92.7) 193 (89.4)  
No 44 (8.7) 21 (7.3) 23 (10.7) 0.182
Explained window period     
Yes 421 (82.7) 252 (86.3) 169 (77.9)  
No 85 (16.7) 39 (13.4) 46 (21.2) 0.071
Given advice on prevention     
Yes 483 (94.9) 281 (96.2) 202 (93.1)  
No 26 (5.1) 11 (3.8) 15 (6.9) 0.111
Post-test session
Explained meaning of results     
Yes 569 (96.0) 309 (99.0) 260 (92.5)  
No 21 (3.5) 3 (1.0) 18 (6.4) 0.001
Discussed disclosure     
Yes 395 (66.6) 221 (70.8) 174 (61.9)  
No 193 (32.6) 90 (28.9) 103 (36.7) 0.076
Discussed prevention     
Yes 537 (90.6) 302 (96.8) 235 (83.6)  
No 51 (8.6) 10 (3.2) 41 (14.6) <0.001
Referral for medical care     
Yes 112 (83.0) 64 (80.0) 48 (87.3) 0.2690
No 23 (17.0) 16 (20.0) 7 (12.7)  
Overall session (Perceived quality)
Information given sufficient     
Yes 507 (85.6) 286 (92.0) 221 (78.7)  
No 57 (9.6) 15 (4.8) 42 (15.0) <0.001
Do not know 25 (4.2) 9 (2.9) 16 (5.7)  
Felt results were kept confidential     
Yes 446 (76.0) 246 (79.9) 200 (71.7)  
No 10 (1.7) 2 (0.7) 8 (2.9) 0.020
Don’t know 131 (22.3) 60 (19.5) 71 (25.5)  
Opportunity to ask questions     
Yes 498 (84.4) 297 (96.1) 201 (71.5)  
No 85 (14.4) 12 (3.9) 73 (26.0) <0.001
How they were treated by providers     
Very well 243 (41.0) 144 (46.2) 99 (35.2) 0.021
Well 337 (56.8) 167 (53.6) 170 (60.5)  
badly 5 (0.8) 1 (0.3) 4 (1.4)  
Declined to answer 8 (1.4) 0(0) 8(2.9)  
Expected results they received     
Yes 336 (57.2) 188 (60.8) 148 (53.2)  
No 216 (36.8) 111 (35.9) 105 (37.8) 0.017
Don’t know 33 (5.6) 9 (2.9) 24 (8.6)