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Table 2 Reconstructed design rationales

From: Design of an online health-promoting community: negotiating user community needs with public health goals and service capabilities

Adolescent user need Adolescent user-derived requirement Design solution Alternative solutions and reasons for rejection
Technical system Organizational system
The experience should be educational The intervention must be able to facilitate self-directed learning Online discussion forum where the system aids in keeping track of new posts in areas of interest, requiring a user registration and user management system Text/video chat, wiki, podcast/vodcasts, and blogs all violated a combination of other needs such as professional and serious, concise presentation and civil discourse
Personal advice from health professionals Participation by health professionals who can be accessed An online system for presenting experts and the ability to ask and get answers from experts An expert panel representing the key public health areas available for regular questioning  
Discussions in which experts participate Active participation by experts in a forum An online discussion forum. Distinguishable user groups with different levels of authority An expert panel that is willing to publicly engage in online discussions A chat setup would satisfy this requirement, however there is less opportunity to satisfy the need of civil discourse and the need to exchange tips and experiences would be severely hampered
Information about our interests User driven content Reasonably accessible and permanent record of online discussions Editorial content based on online discussion surveillance  
Easy accessible content Simple categorical organization and presentation of content Organization and presentation of content into a minimal set of categories. Content management system for categorization and presentation -  
Dismantling of myths and misconceptions Provide commentary on prevalent myths and misconceptions Provision of intuitive methods for production of editorial material Provision of editorial content by health care professionals based on current events and health-related media reports  
Be able to share tips and experiences Provide means for users to post content An online forum with registered user id with suitable categories. A user registration and management system User blogs. The interest in blogging was assessed to be low, and problems of regulating what was off-topic made this undesirable
Professional and serious A clean and minimalistic layout free from commercial interests A content management system without ads. Design of an appropriate layout Maintenance of layout integrity and content management Maintenance of active communities without a content management system is prone to errors and mistakes in updates and layouts. A free and simple content management system with extensive community support dramatically reduces the load of maintenance
Concise presentation Conform content to blogesque (short and sweet) format A system to post videos and organize short articles Utilize blogesque newsfeed and short video interviews Editorial work on content; however, the work load involved was deemed to be high
Maintain a civil discourse Vigilant moderation Provide means for moderation of discussions Enough moderators to keep up with online activity Use of strict rules of conduct to educate users was discussed, but there will always be abuse online