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Table 4 Six binomial logistic regression models for dependent variable: distance

From: Inequities in access to healthcare: analysis of national survey data across six Asia-Pacific countries

Country 1. AU 2. HK 3. JP 4. KR 5. TW 6. TL
(Models for DV1)
Model fit χ2 (df) 110.68 (15)** 55.69(6)*** 52.00(8)*** 39.94(5)*** 34.96(14)** 78.43(13)***
N response/N total 1029/1044 641/674 (95.1%) 996/1000 (99.6%) 955/1006 (94.9%) 1089/1200 (90.8%) 1185/1200 (98.8%)
Nagelkerke R2 0.28 0.16 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.10
Independent Variable Waldχ 2 (df) p* Waldχ 2 (df) p* Waldχ 2 df) p* Waldχ 2 (df) p* Waldχ 2 (df) p* Waldχ 2 (df) p*
OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Coefficient b Coefficient b Coefficient b Coefficient Coefficient b Coefficient b
Marital status 21.35 (5)** 11.17χ2(5)*  
Never married (ref) OR 1.00 OR 1.00
0 0
Married 14.69χ2 (1)***
0.26 (0.13–0.52)
−1.34
Divorced 8.83χ2(1)**
0.34 (0.17–0.69)
−1.07
Widowed 11.46χ2 (1)**  
0.21 (0.08–0.52)
−1.57
Separated 6.75χ2 (1)**  
0.22 (0.07–0.70)
−1.50
Cohabiting   
Work status 13.73χ2(6)* 24.24χ2(6)***
1.00 1.00
Full-time (ref) 0 0
Part-time 5.76χ2(1)*
0.50 (0.28–0.88)
−0.70
Self-employed .
Work for family 12.92χ2(1)***
0.47 (0.31–0.71)
−0.76
Retired/ 4.56χ2(1)*
Pensioner 2.00 (1.06–3.77)
0.69
Housewife/ 10.24χ2(1)**
Househusband 0.42 (0.25–0.72)
−0.86
Student/ 6.42χ2(1)*
Unemployed/ 0.59 (0.40–0.89)
Other −0.54
Subjective health 24.67χ2 (2)*** Dissatisfied (ref) Dissatisfied (ref)
Satisfaction 1.00 12.50χ2(2)** 7.54χ2(2)*
Unhappy (ref) 0 1.00 1.00
0 0
Average 14.36χ2 (1)*** Average
3.15 (1.74–5.69) 12.34χ2(1)***
1.15 2.18 (1.41–3.37)
0.54
Happy 24.52χ2 (1)*** Satisfied Satisfied
3.91 (2.28–6.71) 5.32χ2(1)* 6.35χ2(1)*
1.36 1.72 (1.09–2.72) 1.85 (1.15–2.98)
0.54 0.61
Financial situation in 12.88χ2 (3)** 21.52χ2(3)*** 8.71χ2(3)* 18.71χ2(3)***
last year 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Save money (ref) 0 0 0 0
Just get by 15.38χ2(1)***
0.49 (0.35–0.70)
−0.71
Spent some savings 11.11χ2(1)** 5.82χ2(1)* 7.72χ2(1)**
0.37 (0.20–0.66) 0.51 (0.29–0.88) 0.47 (0.27–0.82)
−1.00 −0.68 −0.70
Spent savings & 11.87χ2 (1)** 5.16χ2(1)* 13.80χ2(1)***
borrowed money 0.35 (0.19–0.63) 0.49 (0.26–0.91) 0.43 (0.27–0.67)
−1.06 −0.72 −0.85
Household annual or (annual) (monthly)
monthly adjusted 9.04χ2 (3)* 16.18χ2(3)**
income quartile 1.00 1.00
4th: quartile (ref) 0 0
1st quartile 3.83χ2 (1)* 14.99χ2(1)***
0.55 (0.30–1.02) 0.27 (0.14–0.52)
−0.59 −1.32
2nd quartile 5.31χ2 (1)*
0.54 (0.32–0.93)
−0.62
3rd: quartile
Self-rated health 14.76χ2(4)** 22.13χ2(4)*** 11.47χ2(4)*
Very good (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
0 0 0
Good   8.16χ2(1)**
0.54 (0.35–0.82)
−0.63
Fair 13.41χ2(1)*** 10.29χ2(1)**
0.43 (0.28–0.68_ 0.47 (0.30–0.75)
−0.84 −0.76
Bad 8.31χ2(1)** 4.99χ2(1)*
0.31 (0.14–0.86) 0.44 (0.21–0.90)
−1.19 −0.83
Very bad 6.79χ2(1)**
0.25 (0.09–0.71)
−1.38
Whether respondent has
chronic health 1.00
condition 0
Yes (ref)
No 6.99(1)**
3.34 (1.37–8.18)
     1.21   
  1. Ref: reference level, * p<.05; ** p<.01, *** p<.001.