Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Data collection methods in reviewed studies

From: Nurses’ workarounds in acute healthcare settings: a scoping review

Method Studies
Discrete Method  
Observations [62, 73]
Interviews [36, 52, 80, 81]
Focus group interviews [69, 86]
Questionnaire surveys [37, 39, 43, 44, 55, 60, 6365, 79],[83, 87]
Information system data analysis [77]
Multi-method  
Interview and observation [1, 6*, 34, 40, 41, 45, 53, 54, 56, 58, 59, 61, 66, 68, 72, 74, 75, 76*, 82, 84*]
Interview and document analysis including medication chart review [48, 51]
Interview, observation and document analysis (may include medication chart review) [38, 42, 50]
Interview, observation, focus group, survey and time and motion studies [78]
Analysis of information system data and observation [70]
Analysis of information system data, observation and interview [4]
Observation, clinical intervention data and medication chart review [35]
Observation and medication chart review [46]
Interview and collection of data from support desk and information system data [85]
Questionnaire surveys, observations, interviews and Computer Provider Order Entry (CPOE) website review [71]
Questionnaire surveys and observation and focus groups [57]
Questionnaire surveys and interviews [49]
Questionnaire surveys, interviews, process mapping, information system data and document analysis [47]
Observation and journal narration [24]
Self-recording by nurses as they gave medication and interviews [67]
  1. *Observational studies that noted inclusion of ‘complementary’ and ‘opportunistic’ interviews.