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Table 2 Patient health questionnaire (PHQ-8) scoring and Interpretation with BRFSS response conversion[17, 23]

From: A population-based cross-sectional study of health service deficits among U.S. adults with depressive symptoms

Over the last 2 weeks,how often have you been bothered by any of the following problems? PHQ-8 Not at all Several days More than half the days Nearly every day
BFRSS conversion 0 - 1 day 2 - 6 days 7 - 11 days 12 - 14 day
1. Little interest or pleasure in doing things 0 1 2 3
2. Feeling down, depressed, or hopeless 0 1 2 3
3. Trouble falling or staying asleep, or sleeping too much 0 1 2 3
4. Feeling tired or having little energy 0 1 2 3
5. Poor appetite or overeating 0 1 2 3
6. Feeling bad about yourself—or that you are a failure or have let yourself or your family down 0 1 2 3
7. Trouble concentrating on things, such as reading the newspaper or watching television 0 1 2 3
8. Moving or speaking so slowly that other people could have noticed. Or the opposite—being so fidgety or restless that you have been moving around a lot more than usual 0 1 2 3
  1. Interpretation of Total Score/Total Score Depression Severity: 0–4 None, 5–9 Mild depression, 10–14 Moderate depression, 15–19 moderately severe depression, 20–24 severe depression.