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Table 3 Difference in healthcare resource use between the year prior to inclusion and the follow-up period I

From: Impact of telemonitoring home care patients with heart failure or chronic lung disease from primary care on healthcare resource use (the TELBIL study randomised controlled trial)

  IG p valueII CG p valueII
  (n = 21)   (n = 22)  
  median (IQR)   median (IQR)  
All-cause hospitalisations -2 (-3 to -1) 0.042 -1 (-3 to 0) 0.033
Cause-specific hospitalisations -2 (-2 to -1) 0.086 -0.5 (-1 to 0) 0.244
Length of stay III -0.4 (-3.8 to 1.6) 0.733 -1 (-5.5 to 5.3) 0.798
Health centre appointments IV -11 (-16 to 0) 0.015 2 (-6 to 6) 0.801
Total home care visits -1 (-2 to 12) 0.734 5 (-4 to 8) 0.152
Home visits by doctors 0 (-3 to 3) 1 0 (-2 to 2) 0.745
Home visits by nurses 2 (-2 to 4) 0.281 1 (-5 to 9) 0.384
Telephone contacts * 10 (6 to 24) <0.001 3 (0 to 6) 0.147
Emergency department attendances 0 (-1 to 0) 0.210 0 (-1 to 1) 0.981
Appointments with specialists * -1 (-2 to 0) 0.033 0 (0 to 1) 0.607
  1. IG: intervention group; CG: control group; IQR: interquartile range.
  2. I A positive/negative difference in the means indicates an increase/decrease in use of the corresponding healthcare resource in the 12-month follow-up period compared to the 12 months before the study.
  3. II Wilcoxon signed-rank test assessing whether the differences between the 12-month prior to inclusion and the 12-month follow-up period were statistically significant, in each group (IG and CG).
  4. III Mean length of stay per admission (hospitalisation), considering only patients who were admitted at least once (12 in the IG and 19 in the CG).
  5. IV Appointments with doctors and/or nurses at the health centre concerning the participating patients, even if the patients themselves were not present.
  6. * Statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of changes from the year prior to inclusion to the follow-up year: total health centre appointments, p = 0.035; telephone contacts, p < 0.001; and appointments with specialists, p = 0.033. No other statistically significant differences were found.