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Table 4 Association of multimorbidity with socio-demographic characteristics: results from multilevel linear regression analyses allowing for random effects at the study centre and GP practice-within-study centre level

From: The influence of age, gender and socio-economic status on multimorbidity patterns in primary care. first results from the multicare cohort study

  number of all diagnoses number of diagnoses in CMD number of diagnoses in ADS/P
  coef (95% CI) p* coef (95% CI) p* coef (95% CI) p*
Age 0.07 (0.05/0.08) < 0.001 0.04 (0.03/0.06) < 0.001 0.01 (-0.00/0.02) 0.243
Gender: female -0.27 (-0.44/-0.09) 0.003 -1.29 (-1.42/-1.15) < 0.001 0.79 (0.66/0.91) < 0.001
Marital status (in relation to'never married')       
- married 0.11 (-0.32/0.54) 0.608 0.02 (-0.31/0.35) 0.918 0.09 (-0.23/0.40) 0.590
- estranged (married, but living in separate homes) 0.19 (-0.42/0.79) 0.545 -0.13 (-0.59/0.33) 0.582 0.43 (-0.01/0.87) 0.058
- divorced -0.03 (-0.44/0.38) 0.898 -0.02 (-0.33/0.29) 0.910 0.07 (-0.23/0.37) 0.647
- widowed 0.12 (-0.23/0.46) 0.511 0.09 (-0.18/0.35) 0.515 0.03 (-0.23/0.28) 0.834
Household type (in relation to 'living at home alone')       
- living at home with spouse -0.10 (-0.42/0.23) 0.562 0.05 (-0.20/0.30) 0.678 -0.08 (-0.32/0.16) 0.494
- living at home with family members or others 0.24 (-0.14/0.62) 0.210 0.22 (-0.06/0.51) 0.128 -0.07 (-0.34/0.20) 0.611
- living in assisted living or retirement home -0.01 (-0.59/0.57) 0.967 0.27 (-0.17/0.71) 0.231 -0.48 (-0.90/-0.06) 0.024
Education (in relation to 'low level')       
- medium level -0.26 (-0.45/-0.07) 0.008 -0.17 (-0.31/-0.02) 0.024 -0.09 (-0.23/0.05) 0.194
- high level -0.29 (-0.57/-0.01) 0.043 -0.26 (-0.48/-0.05) 0.017 -0.10 (-0.31/0.10) 0.317
Degree of autonomy at former occupation (5 point scale) -0.02 (-0.10/0.06) 0.571 -0.05 (-0.11/0.01) 0.084 0.04 (-0.02/0.09) 0.221
Household-size adjusted net income (natural logarithm) -0.27 (-0.47/-0.08) 0.005 -0.16 (-0.31/-0.01) 0.035 -0.12 (-0.26/0.02) 0.094
Home ownership -0.13 (-0.30/0.05) 0.148 -0.07 (-0.20/0.06) 0.315 -0.03 (-0.15/0.10) 0.658
  1. CMD: cardiovascular and metabolic disorders; ADS/P: anxiety, depression, somatoform disorders and pain; coef: regression coefficient; CI: confidence interval;* statistically significant results (p ≤ 0.05) in italic and bold letters