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Table 5 Multiple classification analysis of intensity of catastrophic medical expenditure for those who arrived alive at study hospitals following road traffic injury

From: Burden of out-of-pocket expenditure for road traffic injuries in urban India

Variable Category Total N = 722* Predicted mean out-of-pocket medical expenditure to household annual income ratio
Unadjusted mean Adjusted mean†
Mean Eta Mean Beta P value
Type of road user‡ Pedestrian/cyclist 216 0.241 0.050 0.206 0.061 0.255
MTV 348 0.297   0.313   
Others 145 0.177   0.189   
Type of hospital Private 164 0.386 0.077 1.072 0.479 <0.001
Public 545 0.216   0.010   
Per capita annual household income quartile I (lowest) 192 0.454 0.136 0.495 0.160 0.001
II 190 0.242   0.208   
III 150 0.134   0.160   
IV (highest) 177 0.158   0.126   
Number of in-patient days <4 262 0.087 0.191 0.073 0.190 <0.001
4 - 7 137 0.120   0.154   
> 7 310 0.458   0.454   
Injury severity 1-4 379 0.156 0.113 0.212 0.050 0.187
>4 330 0.369   0.305   
  Full model 723     0.359 <0.001
  1. *Data missing for 1 case due to non-reporting of annual household income.
  2. †F test value 8.6 and significance <0.001; Goodness of fit: 14%.
  3. ‡MTV: motorised two-wheeled vehicles including moped/luna, scooter/scootertte and motorcycle; others include all vehicles other than MTV/ cycle & pedestrians.
  4. Data not available for 14 participants.