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Table 4 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of use of traditional Chinese medicine among children in association with household leaders' socioeconomic status among girls by age

From: The association between socioeconomic status and traditional chinese medicine use among children in Taiwan

  Socioeconomic Status, Scores    
  1st 2nd 3rd 4th   Per 5 Scores Increase
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) P for Trend OR (95% CI)
Age, years            
   0-9            
Model 1 1.00 (reference) 1.16 (0.41-3.30) 1.92 (0.76-4.86) 2.20 (0.87-5.59) 0.041 1.28 (0.96-1.72)
Model 2 1.00 (reference) 0.95 (0.32-2.82) 0.94 (0.35-2.55) 1.48 (0.57-3.85) 0.34 1.12 (0.79-1.58)
Model 3 1.00 (reference) 0.92 (0.31-2.74) 0.95 (0.35-2.56) 1.53 (0.58-4.01) 0.30 1.14 (0.80-1.62)
Model 4 1.00 (reference) 0.82 (0.27-2.48) 0.88 (0.32-2.39) 1.49 (0.57-3.94) 0.29 1.14 (0.80-1.62)
   10-18            
Model 1 1.00 (reference) 0.57 (0.25-1.30) 1.38 (0.73-2.60) 1.95 (1.04-3.67) 0.007 1.51 (1.21-1.88)
Model 2 1.00 (reference) 0.52 (0.22-1.23) 1.34 (0.70-2.59) 1.87 (0.98-3.57) 0.011 1.50 (1.20-1.88)
Model 3 1.00 (reference) 0.51 (0.21-1.21) 1.37 (0.71-2.64) 2.10 (1.08-4.08) 0.005 1.61 (1.27-2.05)
Model 4 1.00 (reference) 0.53 (0.22-1.28) 1.39 (0.71-2.72) 2.47 (1.25-4.90) 0.002 1.69 (1.32-2.16)
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.
  2. Model 1: adjusted pediatric sex and age.
  3. Model 2: adjusted pediatric sex, age, body mass index, use of allopathic medicine, household leader's smoking, alcohol drinking.
  4. Model 3: adjusted covariates in model 2 plus urbanization.
  5. Model 4: adjusted covariates in model 3 plus householder's use of traditional Chinese medicine.