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Table 1 The characteristics of study pediatric population by socioeconomic status

From: The association between socioeconomic status and traditional chinese medicine use among children in Taiwan

  Socioeconomic status, scores  
  1st 2nd 3rd 4th  
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD p-value
Number 1325 1370 1753 1523  
Children      
   Age, years 10.0 ± 5.2 9.3 ± 5.1 8.9 ± 5.1 8.5 ± 5.2 < 0.0001
   Body mass index, kg/m2 18.5 ± 4.5 18.3 ± 4.3 18.0 ± 4.0 17.8 ± 3.9 < 0.0001
   Use of traditional Chinese medicine, visits 0.09 ± 0.53 0.06 ± 0.38 0.08 ± 0.41 0.12 ± 0.64 0.027
   Boys, % 51.3 49.7 51.2 54.1 0.11
   Live in high urbanization, % 14.8 14.4 16.6 27.2 < 0.0001
   Use of traditional Chinese medicine, % 4.3 3.6 4.9 5.9 0.024
   Use of allopathic medicine, % 32.5 36.4 38.6 39.5 0.0005
Household leaders      
   Age, years 41.9 ± 11.1 38.0 ± 7.9 38.2 ± 7.4 39.2 ± 6.6 < 0.0001
   Socioeconomic status, scores 7.5 ± 1.6 10.5 ± 0.5 12.8 ± 0.8 18.9 ± 3.4 < 0.0001
   Occupation, scores 0.3 ± 0.5 0.9 ± 0.7 1.7 ± 0.9 2.6 ± 0.8 < 0.0001
   Numbers of household leader's children 2.5 ± 1.1 2.5 ± 1.0 2.4 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 1.1 < 0.0001
   Education ≥ 13 years, % 2.2 2.9 20.8 78.9 < 0.0001
   Income 40,000-79.999 NTD, % 6.0 26.4 57.1 67.3 < 0.0001
   Smoking, % 46.6 63.1 50.4 41.8 < 0.0001
   Alcohol drinking, % 37.4 46.1 41.6 41.6 0.0001
   Use of traditional Chinese medicine, % 8.6 8.8 9.1 6.1 0.008
  1. SD, standard deviation; TCM, traditional Chinese medicine.