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Table 1 Characteristics of eligible patients referred compared to those not referred to the LMP (n = 301)

From: Predictors of primary care referrals to a vascular disease prevention lifestyle program among participants in a cluster randomised trial

  Referred to HIPS program (n = 190) Not referred (n = 111) Significance
  N (%) N (%) p-value
Demographic characteristics      
Female 118 (62.1) 69 (62.2) 0.992
Age: 40–54 years 41 (21.6) 29 (26.1) 0.368
55-64 years 149 (78.4) 82 (73.9)  
SEIFA quintile:      
1 – poorest 26 (13.7) 8 (7.2) 0.036
2 16 (8.4) 4 (3.6)  
3 121 (63.7) 80 (72.1)  
4 10 (5.3) 2 (1.8)  
5 – richest 17 (8.9) 17 (15.3)  
Post-secondary qualification 89 (47.6) 52 (47.7) 0.985
Employment:      
Employed 124 (66.0) 75 (67.6) 0.918
Retired 30 (16.0) 18 (16.2)  
Not working (other reasons1) 34 (18.1) 18 (16.2)  
Accommodation:      
Owner-occupied 158 (84.0) 91 (82.7) 0.768
Rented or other 30 (16.0) 19 (17.3)  
Primarily speak English at home 165 (86.8) 90 (81.1) 0.180
Patient health risk profile      
Blood pressure (>140/90) or on treatment 18 (11.9) 9 (10.0) 0.647
Lipids (TG > 2.0, LDL > 2.5 or TC >4.5, or on treatment) 183 (97.3) 106 (96.4) 0.730
BMI ≥25 148 (78.7) 73 (67.6) 0.034
Diet risk 155 (81.6) 83 (74.8) 0.162
Physical inactivity 120 (63.5) 46 (42.2) <0.001
Alcohol risk 59 (38.6) 33 (37.1) 0.819
Tobacco 19 (10.2) 11 (10.2) 0.993
Number of behavioural risk factors1:      
0 7 (3.7) 5 (4.5) 0.122
1 20 (10.5) 21 (18.9)  
2 or more 163 (85.8) 85 (76.6)  
Health status excellent/very good/good 159 (83.7) 97 (87.4) 0.385
Patient personality/psychological factors      
Psychological distress (K10score 16+) 70 (38.9) 32 (31.1) 0.187
Health information seeking behaviour:      
Doctor-Dependent Active 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.264
Doctor- Dependent Passive 64 (40) 43 (47.3)  
Independent Active 0 (0) 0 (0)  
Independent Passive 96 (60) 48 (52.7)  
Patient readiness to change      
Contemplation/preparation/action stage of change for increasing fruit and vegetables 91 49.5 47 43.9 0.034
Contemplation/preparation/action stage of change for decreasing dietary fat intake 107 58.5 51 48.1 0.007
Contemplation/preparation/action stage of change for increasing physical activity 131 70.1 61 58.1 0.036
Contemplation/preparation/action stage of change for losing weight 129 70.9 58 58 0.011
Contemplation/preparation/action stage of change for drinking less alcohol 57 43.8 36 46.2 0.913
Contemplation/preparation/action stage of change for quitting smoking 19 39.6 7 30.4 0.401
Previous advice/referral for diet or physical activity      
GP nutrition advice/referral in previous 3 months 65 (42.5) 33 (34.7) 0.225
GP physical activity advice/referral in previous 3 months 68 (44.4) 28 (30.4) 0.030
  1. 1 includes diet, BMI, physical activity, alcohol and tobacco risk.
  2. Statistically significant p-values (<0.05) are shown in bold.