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Table 1 Prevalence of selected resident characteristics for samples used in analysis: short- vs. long-stay residents in three states combined; controls vs. nursing facility transfer (NFT) for long-stay residents in three states combined; and long-stay NFT residents in three individual states

From: Beyond section Q: prioritizing nursing home residents for transition to the community

Resident Characteristics Three states, combined Individual states LOS1 > =90,NFT
  Full sample2 LOS > =90  
  LOS < 90 days LOS > =90 day Controls NFT Significance3 Arkansas Illinois Michigan Significance3
Number of observations 57,464 17,476 17,149 327   56 91 180  
Age category      **     *
  Under 55 years 4.9% 6.6% 6.2% 29.1%   50.9% 33.0% 20.6%  
  55 to 64 years 6.4% 7.0% 6.6% 23.0%   20.0% 26.4% 22.2%  
  65 to 74 years 17.4% 13.4% 13.3% 21.5%   12.7% 20.9% 24.4%  
  75 to 84 years 36.9% 31.2% 31.5% 18.4%   9.1% 11.0% 25.0%  
  85 or more years 34.5% 41.8% 42.5% 8.0%   7.3% 8.8% 7.8%  
ADL Hierarchy category      **     **
  Independent (0, 1) 9.4% 15.0% 14.7% 34.3%   42.9% 56.0% 20.6%  
  Somewhat dependent (2, 3, 4) 66.1% 50.9% 50.9% 55.1%   50.0% 39.6% 64.4%  
  Dependent 24.5% 34.0% 34.5% 10.7%   7.1% 4.4% 15.0%  
Task segmentation 58.3% 57.7% 58.2% 34.6% ** 26.8% 48.4% 30.0% **
Quadriplegia/hemiplegia/paraplegia 6.2% 9.0% 8.8% 21.1% ** 28.6% 8.8% 25.0% *
CPS category      **     **
  Intact (0, 1) 52.3% 28.6% 27.8% 66.7%   83.9% 74.7% 57.2%  
  Impaired (2, 3, 4) 42.5% 57.2% 57.6% 31.8%   16.1% 25.3% 40.0%  
  Severely impaired (5, 6) 5.2% 14.3% 14.5% 1.5%   0.0% 0.0% 2.8%  
Cognitive improvement 0.7% 2.0% 1.9% 3.7% * 7.1% 2.2% 3.3%  
Cognitive deterioration 4.3% 7.3% 7.3% 2.8% * 0.0% 7.7% 1.1% *
Communication problem 32.4% 55.8% 56.5% 19.9% ** 14.3% 11.0% 26.1% *
Involved in activities >1/3 of time 90.5% 84.7% 84.5% 96.0% ** 92.9% 94.5% 97.8%  
Behavior problem (any) 14.5% 34.4% 34.6% 25.1% * 32.1% 33.0% 18.9% *
Severe behavior problem 2.4% 7.8% 7.3% 2.5% * 1.8% 5.5% 1.1%  
Depression (DRS > =2) 19.8% 31.0% 30.9% 36.1% * 26.8% 45.1% 34.4%  
Bipolar disease 1.9% 3.6% 3.5% 6.1% * 7.1% 7.7% 5.0%  
Schizophrenia 2.0% 8.4% 8.5% 6.7%   3.6% 15.4% 3.3% *
Hearing problem 9.5% 18.9% 19.0% 10.1% * 10.7% 6.6% 11.7%  
Vision problem 21.5% 34.6% 34.9% 19.3% ** 8.9% 19.8% 2.2%  
Bowel incontinence 22.6% 39.4% 39.9% 16.5% * 17.9% 7.7% 20.6% *
Bladder incontinence 24.1% 43.7% 44.1% 22.9% ** 16.1% 11.0% 31.1% *
Dehydrated 0.6% 0.5% 0.5% 0.0%   0.0% 0.0% 0.0%  
Pain (severe) 4.0% 2.0% 2.0% 3.7% * 5.4% 5.5% 2.2%  
Pressure ulcer stage > =2 19.0% 16.2% 16.3% 10.1% * 10.7% 9.9% 10.0%  
Terminal illness 1.3% 2.0% 2.0% 1.5%   0.0% 0.0% 2.8%  
Diabetes 32.3% 30.4% 30.2% 38.5% * 16.1% 31.0009% 48.9% **
Cancer diagnosis 4.5% 4.3% 4.3% 2.5% * 1.8% 5.5% 1.1%  
Parkinson disease 1.9% 4.4% 4.4% 3.4%   1.8% 1.1% 5.0%  
Any cardiac diagnosis 57.9% 64.8% 64.7% 69.2%   54.7% 62.4% 76.7% *
Physically restrained 2.4% 8.6% 8.8% 1.5% ** 3.6% 2.2% 0.6%  
RUG-III CMI category      **     **
  .46 to .57 2.7% 15.4% 15.1% 32.4%   53.6% 47.3% 18.3%  
  .58 to .72 2.4% 16.3% 16.5% 8.0%   3.6% 6.6% 10.0%  
  .73 to .91 16.5% 20.4% 20.3% 29.1%   16.1% 23.1% 36.1%  
  .92 to 1.09 50.4% 23.6% 23.7% 19.0%   19.6% 16.5% 20.0%  
  1.10 to 1.25 5.7% 5.0% 5.0% 3.4%   1.8% 2.2% 4.4%  
  1.26 to 1.70 22.4% 19.2% 19.4% 8.3%   5.4% 4.4% 11.1%  
LOS category      **     
  Under 60 days 96.4% NA NA NA   NA NA NA  
  60 to 89 days 3.7% NA NA NA   NA NA NA  
  90 to 179 days NA 13.2% 13.1% 19.7%   20.0% 25.3% 17.2%  
  180 to 364 days NA 19.1% 18.8% 32.4%   24.0% 32.9% 34.4%  
  365 to 729 days NA 24.7% 24.6% 29.8%   30.0% 30.4% 29.4%  
  730 days or more NA 43.0% 43.6% 18.1%   26.0% 11.4% 18.9%  
Admitted from home 4.0% 7.3% 7.3% 5.8%   8.9% 7.7% 3.9%  
Residents prefers return to community (Q1a) 78.2% 19.8% 18.1% 63.9% ** 55.4% 55.0% 71.1% *
Support person positive about discharge (Q1b) 29.5% 3.6% 3.1% 30.3% ** 25.0% 16.5% 38.9% *
Arkansas-narrow criteria4 0.3% 6.1% 5.3% 43.4% ** 67.9% 42.9% 36.1% **
Arkansas-broad criteria4 12.9% 23.8% 23.0% 64.2% ** 91.1% 70.3% 52.8% **
  1. Notes:
  2. 1) LOS = length of stay until assessment.
  3. 2) Full sample includes 100 controls for every NFT observation. All differences in the full 3-state sample between LOS < 90 day and LOS > =90 were significant at p < .05, except for Task Segmentation and Cancer.
  4. 3) Significance: * = p < .05; ** = p < .0001.
  5. 4) Arkansas-narrow and Arkansas-broad criteria not used in logistic regressions.
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