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Table 5 Predictors of provider and self-care pluralism patterns among ART patients

From: Factors associated with patterns of plural healthcare utilization among patients taking antiretroviral therapy in rural and urban South Africa: a cross-sectional study

Variables Provider simple logistic regression Provider multiple logistic regression Self-care simple logistic regression Self-care multiple logistic regression
  Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval P-value Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval P-value Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval P-value Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval P-value
Age (Younger <30 years) 1.19 0.84–1.67 0.325 - - - 0.66 0.43–1.01 0.056 - - -
Marital status (Divorced) 1.11 0.84–1.48 0.457 - - - 0.87 0.64–1.19 0.383 0.43 0.16–1.13 0.087
Education (None) 0.64 0.38–1.10 0.104 - - - 1.23 0.75–2.00 0.406 - - -
Employment (None) 0.92 0.66–1.29 0.639 - - - 1.62 1.07–2.45 0.023 - - -
Residence (Rural) 0.86 0.64–1.13 0.279 - - - 5.72 3.90–8.39 <0.001 5.91 1.90–18.40 0.002
Disability Grant (Yes) - - - - - - 2.59 1.88–3.56 <0.001 1.93 1.33–2.80 0.001
Medical Aid (Yes) 7.91 3.28–19.08 <0.001 7.59 3.06–18.78 <0.001 - - - - - -
Socioeconomic status (Poor) 0.71 0.53–0.95 0.023 0.67 0.45–0.98 0.037 3.03 2.20–4.18 <0.001 - - -
Borrowing (yes) 1.76 1.27–2.46 0.001 1.90 1.29–2.81 <0.001 4.08 2.92–5.71 <0.001 2.42 1.62–3.61 <0.001
Difficulty incurring costs (yes) 0.77 0.54–1.10 0.151 - - - 0.66 0.44–0.99 0.050 - - -
Collection of ART (Monthly) 1.26 0.87–1.82 0.230 - - - 3.76 2.10–6.72 <0.001 - - -
Treatment supporter (Yes) 1.49 1.08–2.04 0.014 - - - 2.31 1.58–3.40 <0.001 1.58 1.00–2.51 0.050
Support group (Yes) 1.15 0.86–1.56 0.343 - - - 0.69 0.49–0.99 0.043 - - -
Having left without help (Yes) 2.87 1.65–4.99 <0.001 2.67 1.43–4.99 0.002 0.66 0.28–1.56 0.342 - - -
Queue (Too long) 1.22 0.90–1.65 0.205 - - - 0.55 0.40–0.75 <0.001 - - -
Provider preference (Nurse) 1.04 0.77–1.40 0.814 - - - 1.86 1.30–2.66 0.001 0.52 0.31–0.89 0.017
Non-adherence (Able to disclose) 1.21 0.83–1.78 0.322 - - - 0.49 0.29–0.84 0.010 - - -
Privacy in consultation (No) 0.98 0.73–1.32 0.884 - - - 2.39 1.63–3.51 <0.001 1.83 1.13–2.97 0.014
Language barrier (Agree) 0.52 0.32–0.84 0.007 0.55 0.32–0.96 0.034 0.32 0.17–0.63 0.001 - - -
Staff disrespect (Agree) 1.46 1.10–1.95 0.008 1.43 1.02–2.00 0.036 3.03 2.20–4.17 <0.001 1.92 1.30–2.85 0.001
Dirty facilities (Agree) 1.53 1.10–2.14 0.013 1.40 0.97–2.03 0.074 0.64 0.41–0.99 0.049 0.57 0.34–0.96 0.033
ART missed doses (Ever) 1.00 0.67–1.51 0.990 - - - 2.40 1.33–4.32 0.004 - - -
ART knowledge (Low) 0.79 0.58–1.08 0.142 - - - 1.77 1.30–2.43 <0.001 - - -
Missed ART clinic visit (Yes) 1.58 0.91–2.78 0.104 - - - 0.43 0.17–1.10 0.079 - - -
  1. Log Likelihood −547, Pseudo R2 07%, Goodness-of-fit p-value 0.23 (Provider), Log Likelihood −384, Pseudo R2 25%, Goodness-of-fit p-value 0.96 (Self-care).