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Table 2 Self-management support in Kaiser Permanente and the Danish Healthcare System

From: Self-Management Support to People with Type 2 Diabetes - A comparative study of Kaiser Permanente and the Danish Healthcare System

Aspects Measure Total n = 2256 DHS n = 1533 KP n = 823 p valuea
Self-management support received Always, often, or sometimes experienced collaborative goal setting, lifestyle, and medication management and shared decision making as part of their treatment 18 % 13 % 29 % <0.0001
Collaborative goal setting Discussed how to prevent illness with doctor 76 % 72 % 85 % < 0.0001
  Plans and goals for treatment were explained 65 % 58 % 77 % < 0.0001
  Received help to make an accurate plan to improve health 56 % 47 % 74 % < 0.0001
Lifestyle and medication management Discussed exercise, diet, and weight with doctor 85 % 85 % 85 % 0.413
  Adverse effects of prescribed medicine were explained within the last two years 37 % 26 % 56 % < 0.0001
  Doctor revised medication, including medicine prescribed by other doctors, within the last two years 38 % 27 % 56 % < 0.0001
  Spoke with doctor about the importance of taking prescribed medication 62 % 55 % 75 % < 0.0001
Shared decision making Doctor asked about preferred type of treatment or care if more than one option available 65 % 62 % 71 % <0.001
  Discussed results of tests or examinations with health care provider 85 % 87 % 84 % 0.412
Use of SMS tools Always, often, or sometimes used SMS tools 57 % 47 % 74 % < 0.0001
  Used patient education or support groupsb 18 % 11 % 30 % < 0.0001
  Used websites with health information b 28 % 28 % 30 % 0.364
  Used written health information b 42 % 34 % 59 % < 0.0001
  1. a Adjusted for age, gender, educational level, and HbA1c.
  2. b Within the last 12 months.