Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariate analysis of non-fatal maternal morbidity risk factors

From: Male responsibility and maternal morbidity: a cross-sectional study in two Nigerian states

  OR unadjusted Mantel Haenszel analysis with cluster adjustment GEE with exchangeable correlation matrix
   OR1adjusted Cluster adjusted 95%CI OR2 Robust 95%CI
Bauchi     n  
With check-up after delivery   n=1137   n=1307  
FGM 2.13 2.1 1.39-3.17 1.93 1.35-2.77
4+ pregnancies 1.49 1.48 1.15-1.90 1.46 1.14-1.87
No check-up after delivery   n=5196   n=6005  
Did not speak primarily with husband 1.35 1.41 1.21-1.67 ns  
Physical IPV in pregnancy 2.15 2.15 1.43-3.24 2.12 1.41-3.18
Unqualified birth attendant 1.59 1.61 1.23-2.13 1.48 1.17-1.86
Insufficient food last week 1.68 1.66 1.22-2.26 1.46 1.14-1.86
4+ pregnancies 1.26 1.24 1.05-1.48 1.28 1.08-1.51
Less than 4 ANC check-ups 1.24 ns ns 1.24 1.05-1.46
Cross River      
With check-up after delivery   n=2201   n=2307  
IPV last year 1.6 1.56 1.20-2.03 1.58 1.24-2.02
FGM 1.28 1.29 1.10-1.51 1.3 1.12-1.50
Did not speak primarily with husband 1.28 1.31 1.11-1.55 1.25 1.07-1.48
Crowded home (>2/room) 1.27 1.27 1.07-1.51 1.27 1.07-1.51
Formal employment 1.25 1.22 1.01-1.49 ns ns
No check-up after delivery   n=4221   n=4856  
IPV last year 1.5 1.43 1.24-1.65 1.3 1.10-1.54
FGM 1.2 1.19 1.03-1.37 ns ns
Physical IPV in pregnancy   ns ns 1.37 1.09-1.74
Unqualified birth attendant 1.33 1.22 1.05-1.41 ns ns
Insufficient food last week 1.42 1.32 1.15-1.53 1.28 1.10-1.48
Aged 18-35 years 1.32 1.3 1.06-1.59 1.39 1.14-1.71
Did not reduce workload 1.26 1.21 1.08-1.35 1.14 1.02-1.27
  1. 1Odds Ratio for the association between the variable and maternal morbidity, adjusted for all other variables in the final multivariate model. The initial model was based on the covariates in Table 2
  2. 2An identical modelling process served for GEE
  3. ns = not statistically significant at the 5% level