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Table 1 Study population and frequency of maternal knowledge and attitudes in Bauchi and Cross River

From: Male responsibility and maternal morbidity: a cross-sectional study in two Nigerian states

  Bauchi State Cross River State
All women interviewed 11486 14268
Women with pregnancy in the last three years 7870 7759
Urban 18.2% 1246/7870 30.3% 2617/7759
Any formal education 22.1% 1719/7834 93.6% 7200/7720
Married 97.3% 7653/7860 81.0% 6303/7749
Sufficient food in the last week 89.8% 7072/7845 81.9% 6303/7743
Remunerated employment 48.1% 3746/7809 59.4% 4544/7749
Younger age (lower risk for pregnancy) 82.7% 6577/7854 87.0% 6760/7753
Number of pregnancies (1-3) 48.1% 3786/7749 62.1% 4609/7468
Female headed household 0.6% 61/6975 10.3% 676/6574
Non-crowded household (up to two per room) 34.9% 2547/7428 39.4% 3041/7715
KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES Weighted Unweighted Weighted Unweighted
Know any danger in pregnancy (1) 53.5% 53.7% 4174/7775 62.8% 63.4% 4909/7746
Know danger signs in childbirth (2) 52.9% 53.6% 4158/7753 47.3% 47.3% 3661/7742
Women should give up heavy work in pregnancy 42.7% 39.0% 3063/7855 37.7% 38.0% 2946/7756
Believe its not okay for pregnant women to smoke cigarettes 80.1% 79.7% 6257/7854 90.2% 89.4% 6924/7746
Believe women without birth problems still need to deliver at a health facility 34.0% 35.9% 2822/7858 71.6% 71.3% 5523/7745
If pregnant next year, would give up heavy work 36.7% 39.1% 2905/7440 48.7% 48.7% 3771/7747
If pregnant next year, would not smoke cigarettes 98.1% 98.2% 7707/7847 99.5% 99.5% 7707/7748
Involved in decisions regarding pregnancy/ childbirth 0.5% 0.5% 41/7821 25.1% 25.6% 1982/7735
Say they were never beaten 95.7% 95.9% 7493/7817 79.7% 80.1% 6145/7673
Say they were not afraid of their husbands 65.9% 65.7% 5137/7821 67.7% 67.5% 5180/7673
No female circumcision or mutilation 90.8% 89.1% 6265/7028 61.7% 61.0% 4702/7707
ABOUT THE LAST PREGNANCY (last three years) Weighted Unweighted Weighted Unweighted
Spoke about pregnancy primarily with husband 55.4% 56.1% 4151/7399 32.4% 32.9% 2491/7567
Say they were not beaten in pregnancy 97.4% 97.5% 7406/7600 88.8% 89.1% 6558/7358
Reduced workload before 3rd trimester 19.2% 19.1% 1467/7701 52.0% 52.2% 3524/6754
Four or more antenatal checkups 40.4% 40.5% 3012/7446 45.4% 46.4% 3273/7057
Took iron/folate at least one trimester 30.5% 32.6% 2434/7475 44.3% 44.7% 2967/6644
Urine checked at antenatal care 41.9% 39.8% 2955/7432 59.8% 61.8% 4564/7381
Blood pressure checked at antenatal care 59.7% 58.7% 4389/7479 71.0% 73.0% 5382/7372
A qualified person delivered the baby in a health facility 16.4% 15.4% 1170/7590 44.8% 45.0% 3198/7107
  1. 1. Any of the following responses: pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, fever, bleeding, lap pain, high blood pressure, cord appears, breech/wrong presentation of baby, vomiting, fits/convulsions, uncontrolled urination, baby movements not felt, weakness, anaemia, jaundice, water coming out, malaria
  2. 2. Any of the following responses: malposition, premature labour, prolapse, retained placenta, uncontrolled urine, stillbirth, prolonged/obstructed labour, anaemia, weakness, low blood pressure, sepsis, fever, vaginal cut