Skip to main content

Table 2 Descriptive statistics of the independent variables, scale 1 - 7 (N = 40 wards)

From: Leadership, staffing and quality of care in nursing homes

Leadership style (N = 444 staff in 40 wards)    
Task-oriented leadership style - Cronbach's alpha = 0.89 Mean SD Low - high
   There are strict routines for refilling face cloth. towels and incontinence products 5.89 0.67 3.80 - 6.90
   Reports during changing of personnel is preformed in a proper fashion 5.45 0.64 4.00 - 6.67
   All personnel in the ward are aware of each individuals field of responsibility 5.11 0.83 1.80 - 6.60
   The supervisor is concerned about the performance of routines. procedures and care plans 5.09 0.89 2.00 - 7.00
   The supervisor is monitoring the performance of the tasks to make sure they are done properly 4.64 0.95 1.80 - 6.44
Relationship-oriented leadership style (scale 1 to 7) - Cronbach's alpha = 0.95    
   The supervisor gives supports and encourages the staff 4.97 1.12 2.88 - 6.88
   The supervisor is thoughtful towards the staff 5.06 1.17 2.38 - 6.86
   The supervisor will be there for the staff if necessary 4.97 1.26 2.20 - 6.88
   The supervisor listen to the staff 5.04 1.17 2.50 - 6.79
   The supervisor is active in order to solve personal conflicts in the ward 4.75 1.18 1.20 - 6.45
Staffing    
Total staffing levels - number full time equivalents per residents per year (FTE) 0.81 0.08 0.67 - 0.99
Ratio of registered nurses 0.27 0.10 0.11 - 0.55
Ratio of unlicensed staff 0.19 0.10 0.05 - 0.50
Care level    
   Percentage of residents dependent on wheel chair* 4.73 1.96 1 - 7
   Percentage of residents dependent patient lift during care** 4.43 1.92 1 - 7
  1. * = (1 = < 5%. 2 = 5% to 10%. 3 = 10% to 20%. 4 = 20% to 30%. 5 = 30% to 40%. 6 = 40% to 50% and 7 > 50%)
  2. ** = (1 = < 5%. 2 = 5% to 10%. 3 = 10% to 15%. 4 = 15% to 20%. 5 = 20% to 25%. 6 = 25% to 30% and 7 > 30%)
\