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Table 2 Socio-economic characteristics and gestational age of the first antenatal care visit among women having their first antenatal HIV test at primary and at higher level health facilities (HF)

From: Early uptake of HIV counseling and testing among pregnant women at different levels of health facilities - experiences from a community-based study in Northern Vietnam

Characteristics of the women Types of HF for the first HIV test
N = 1000
P values Primary vs higher level
  Primary leveln (%) Higher level
n (%)
  Crude OR Adjusted OR*
  434 (43.4) 566 (56.6)    
Age (mean of age) = 28.7)    p = 0.7   
   15-24 122 (44.6) 148 (55.4)   1.1 (0.8-1.4) -
   25-34 264 (43.3) 345 (56.7)   1  
   35-49 48 (40.5) 73 (59.5)   0.9 (0.6-1.3)  
Number of live children    p = 0.5   
   1 228 (43.4) 297 (56.6)   1,0 (0.8-1.3) -
   2 195 (43.8) 250 (56.2)   1  
   3 - 4 11 (36.7) 19 (63.3)   0.7 (0.3-1.4)  
Education levels    p < 0.0001   
   Primary school 29 (59.2) 20 (40.8)   2.9 (1.6-5.3) 1.7 (0.9-3.4)
   Secondary school 151 (52.1) 137 (47.9)   2.1 (1.6-3.0) 1.5 (1.0-2.1)
   High school 138 (43.6) 181 (56.4)   1.5 (1.1-2.1) 1.2 (0.9-1.7)
   College/University 116 (33.7) 228 (66.3)   1 1
Occupation    p < 0.0001   
   Housewife/Unemployed 204 (52.3) 186 (47.7)   2.4 (1.7-3.2) 1.7 (1.2-2.4)
   Farmer/seasonal work 37 (51.4) 35 (48.6)   2.3 (1.4-3.8) 1.4 (0.8-2.5)
   Government staff/workers 103 (31.7) 222 (68.3)   1 1
   Business/Others jobs 90 (42.3) 123 (57.7)   1.6 (1.1-2.3) 1.4 (0.8-2.1)
Residence    p < 0.0001   
   Urban area 97 (33.3) 194 (66.7)   1 1
   Semi-urban area 168 (44.4) 210 (55.6)   1.6 (1.2 - 2.2) 1.7 (1.2-2.4)
   Remote rural area 169 (51.1) 162 (48.9)   2.1 (1.5-2.9) 2.0 (1.4-2.8)
Monthly income    p < 0.0001   
   < 1.5 (million VND) 125 (57.2) 97 (42.8)   2.4 (1.7-3.4) 1.7 (1.2-2.6)
   1.5 - 2.5 115 (50.0) 115 (50.0)   1.8 (1.3-2.6) 1.5 (1.0-2.1)
   > 2.5 - 3.5 111 (35.7) 194 (64.3)   1 1
   > 3.5 84 (34.2) 159 (65.8)   0.9 (0.7-1.3) 1.1 (0.8-1.6)
Time of first ANC visit      
   < = 34 weeks 385 (43.3) 505 (56.7) p = 0.8 1 -
   > 34 weeks 49 (44.5) 61 (55.5)   1.1(0.7-1.8)  
  1. * Adjusted for the effect of educational level, occupation, residence and monthly income.