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Table 1 Socio-economic characteristics in relation to uptake of first antenatal HIV test (tested early, tested late and un-tested).

From: Early uptake of HIV counseling and testing among pregnant women at different levels of health facilities - experiences from a community-based study in Northern Vietnam

Socio-economic characteristics of the women Total
N = 1108
The uptake of the first HIV test n (%)
N = 1108
p-value
   Tested early
< = 34 wks
Tested late
> 34 wks
Un-tested  
   781 (70.5) 219 (19.8) 108 (9.7)  
Age (mean of age = 28.7)      
   15-24 300 (27.0) 217 (72.3) 53 (17.7) 30 (10.0) p = 0.70
   25-34 672 (60.7) 467 (69.5) 142 (21.1) 63 (9.4)  
   35-49 136 (12.3) 97 (71.3) 24 (17.6) 15 (11.0)  
Number of children      
   1 563 (50.9) 424(75.3) 101 (17.9) 38 (6.7) p < 0.001
   2 512 (46.1) 338 (66.0) 107 (20.9) 67 (13.1)  
   3 - 4 33 (3.0) 19 (57.6) 11 (33.3) 3 (9.1)  
Education levels      
   Primary school 59 (5.3) 34 (57.6) 15 (25.4) 10 (16.9) p = 0.01
   Secondary school 332 (30.0) 228 (68.7) 60 (18.1) 44 (13.3)  
   High school 344 (31.0) 258 (75.0) 61 (17.7) 25 (7.3)  
   College/University 373 (33.7) 261 (70.0) 83 (22.3) 29 (7.8)  
Occupation      
   Housewife/Unemployed 431 (38.9) 312 (72.4) 78 (18.1) 41 (9.5) p = 0.16
   Farmer/seasonal work 89 (8.0) 61 (68.5) 11 (12.4) 17 (19.1)  
   Government staff/workers 352 (31.8) 251 (71.3) 74 (21.0) 27 (7.7)  
   Business/Others jobs 236 (21.3) 157 (66.5) 56 (23.7) 23 (9.7)  
Residence      
   Urban area 300 (27.1) 216 (72.0) 75 (25.0) 9 (3.0) p <0.0001
   Semi-urban area 395 (35.6) 304 (77.0) 74 (18.7) 17 (4.3)  
   Remote rural area 413 (37.3) 261 (63.2) 70 (16.9) 82 (19.9)  
Monthly income      
   < 1.5 (million VND) 254 (23.0) 175 (68.6) 47 (18.4) 33 (12.9) p = 0.39
   1.5 - 2.5 256 (23.1) 181 (70.4) 49 (19.1) 27 (10.5)  
   > 2.5 - 3.5 333 (30.1) 232 (69.7) 73 (21.9) 28 (8.4)  
   > 3.5 264 (23.8) 193 (73.4) 50 (19.0) 20 (7.6)