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Table 2 Multiple logistics regression model for (i) perceived change of health seeking behaviours, and (ii) use of voucher

From: Can vouchers make a difference to the use of private primary care services by older people? Experience from the healthcare reform programme in Hong Kong

  (i) Perceived change
Whether change of health seeking behaviours
(ii) Use of voucher
Whether ever used the vouchers
Variable Adjusted odds ratio
(95% CI)
P value Adjusted odds ratio
(95%CI)
P value
Marital status     
   Single 1.22 (0.54 - 2.78) 0.397 -  
   Married 1.30 (0.89 - 1.90)   -  
   Divorced/Separated Widowed 1   -  
Education level     
   No education 1.70 (0.77 - 3.75) 0.051 1.86 (0.97 - 3.56) 0.020
   Primary 2.46 (1.15 - 5.25)   1.13 (0.56 - 2.13)  
   Secondary 2.21 (1.02 - 4.81)   1.13 (0.59 - 2.20)  
   Tertiary or above 1   1  
Self-rated health compared with last year
   Better 2.11 (1.28 - 3.48) 0.003 0.54 (0.32 - 0.92) 0.046
   Similar 0.94 (0.64 - 1.34)   0.77 (0.56 - 1.05)  
   Worse 1   1  
Usually go to see which types of doctors before launch of voucher scheme
   Public doctor only 1 0.024 1 < 0.001
   Private doctor only 1.03 (0.65 - 1.65)   3.11 (2.09 - 4.64)  
Both public and private doctor 1.65 (1.15 - 2.34)   2.58 (1.84 - 3.61)  
   Don't know 2.09 (0.54 - 8.01)   1.38 (0.26 - 6.94)  
Medical consultation in the past one month (excluding the current episode for elders recruited in clinics)
   No 1.28 (0.91 - 1.76) 0.156 0.45 (0.34 - 0.60) < 0.001
   Yes 1   1  
Hospitalization in the past one year
   No -   0.69 (0.48 - 0.99) 0.041
   Yes -   1  
  1. Adjusted for age, gender and living districts. Only those factors that were significant in the univariate analysis were tested by logistic regression.