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Table 2 Time series cohort characteristics at the time of AHC participation (N = 64)

From: Early identification and preventive care for elevated cardiovascular disease risk within a remote Australian Aboriginal primary health care service

  Males Females All P*
Participants N (%) 43 (67%) 21 (33%) 64 -
Mean age in years (SD) 39.6 (8.1) 42.5 (9.1) 40.6 (8.5) 0.21
Current smoker 81% 91% 84% 0.29
Type two diabetes 24% 43% 30% 0.12
Blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg 21% 19% 20% 0.57
Total cholesterol ≥ 4.0 mmol/L 88% 86% 88% 0.53
HDL cholesterol ≤ 1.0 mmol/L 56% 62% 58% 0.43
Lipid ratio ≥ 5.0 (levels of total to HDL cholesterol) 56% 62% 58% 0.43
Mean NZGG 5-year CVD risk category† (SD) 4.5 (0.9) 4.6 (1.0) 4.5 (0.9) 0.66
  1. Notes: AHC = adult health check, N = number, SD = standard deviation, HDL = high density lipoprotein, NZGG = New Zealand Guidelines Group, CVD = cardiovascular disease.
  2. *Test for difference between men and women. Means were tested using a two-tailed independent samples t-test. Proportions were tested using Pearson's chi square test.
  3. † NZGG risk categories: 4 = 10 to 15% over 5 years, 5 = 15 to 20% over 5 years, 6 = 20 to 25% over 5 years, etc.
  4. ‡ Calculated using the Framingham equations [15]. The equations have been shown to underestimate risk in one other remote Aboriginal population [16].