Skip to main content

Table 2 Outcome measures of the effect evaluation

From: Evaluating an in-home multicomponent cognitive behavioural programme to manage concerns about falls and associated activity avoidance in frail community-dwelling older people: Design of a randomised control trial [NCT01358032]

Primary outcome measures Instrument No. of items Range* S B FU1 FU2
concerns about falls FES-I [33, 34, 53] 16 16 to 64 - TI TI TI
avoidance of activity owing to concerns about falls FES-IAB 16 16 to 64 - TI TI TI
Secondary outcome measures Instrument No. of items Range* S B FU1 FU2
activities of daily life GARS [35] 18 18 to 72 - TI TI TI
no. of falls N/A 1 N/A - C > C > C >
- indoor N/A 1 N/A - C > C > C >
- outdoor N/A 1 N/A - C > C > C >
no. of times medical attention required as a result of falls N/A 1 N/A - C > C > C >
Tertiary outcome measures Instrument No. of items Range* S B FU1 FU2
perceived consequences of falling
- loss of functional independence subscale
CoF [9] 6 6 to 24 - TI TI TI
perceived consequences of falling
- damage to identity subscale
CoF [9] 6 6 to 24 - TI TI TI
catastrophic beliefs about consequences of a fall CAFS [37] 5 5 to 20 - TI TI TI
perceived control over falling PCOF [38] 4 4 to 16 - TI TI TI
mastery Personal Mastery Scale [39] 7 7 to 35 - TI TI TI
feelings of anxiety HADS-A [40, 41] 7 0 to 21 - TI TI TI
symptoms of depression HADS-D [40, 41] 7 0 to 21 - TI TI TI
social support interactions SSL 12-I [42] 12 12 to 48 - TI TI TI
health-related quality of life SF-12 [43] 12 12 to 36 - TI TI TI
Additional variables Instrument No. of items Range* S B FU1 FU2
demographic data
(age, gender, living situation, educational level)
N/A 5 N/A SQ - - -
perceived general health Perceived general health [23] 1 1 to 5 SQ - - -
cognitive impairment AMT4 [24] 4 N/A - TI - -
  TICS [25] 11 0 to 41 - TI# - -
chronic medical conditions Chronic medical conditions questionnaire [46] 5 0 to 5 - TI - -
concerns about falls N/A 1 1 to 6 SQ TI TI TI
avoidance of activity owing to concerns about falls N/A 1 1 to 6 SQ TI TI TI
no. of falls in the previous 6 months N/A 1 1 to 6 SQ TI - -
no. of falls in the previous 5 months N/A 1 1 to 6 - - TI -
no. of falls in the previous 7 months N/A 1 1 to 6 - - - TI
expectations of intervention Adapted expectations questionnaire [47] 4 4 to 20 - TI - -
  1. *The underlined scores indicate the most favourable scores; N/A = not applicable; S = screening; B = baseline; FU1 = 5-month follow-up; FU2 = 12-month follow-up; SQ = screening questionnaire; TI = telephone interview; C > calendar (continuous registration); #Only assessed if participant fails on the AMT4