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Table 3 Procedure details, efficacy and immediate complications

From: Surgical and medical second trimester abortion in South Africa: A cross-sectional study

  D&E
(n = 203)
Medical induction
(n = 84)
P value
Length of surgical procedure (Median, IQR) 10 minutes
(5-10 minutes)
N/A3  
Time from 1st dose misoprostol to completion of TOP
(Median, IQR)
13.3 hrs (12.1-15.1) 23 hours
(17-30)
<0.001
Number of misoprostol doses (Median, IQR) 3 (3-3) 5 (3-5) <0.001
Medications received    
   Antibiotics 14 (7%) 65 (77%) <0.001
   Analgesics/anxiolytics 38 (19%) 18 (21%) 0.585
   Antiemetics 0 (0%) 7 (8%) <0.001
Efficacya 202 (99.5%)
(95% CI: 97.29% - 99.98%)
42 (50%)
(95% CI: 39.4% - 60.6%)
<0.001
Major Complications    
   Hemorrhage requiring transfusion 0 (0.0%) 3 (2.4%) 0.024
Minor Complications    
   Hemorrhage not requiring transfusion 0 (0%) 1 (1%) 0.293
   Fever >38 degrees C 0 (0%) 1 (1%) 0.293
   Additional curettage performed 0 (0%) 40 (48%) < 0.001
   Incomplete abortion, absconded prior to treatment 0 (0%) 1 (1%) 0.293
   Transfer to another facility to complete abortion 1 (1%) 1 (1%) 0.500
   Expulsion of fetus prior to D&E 87 (43%) N/A N/A
Any minor complication 88 (43%) 42 (50%) 0.362
Any major or minor complication 88 (43%) 44 (52%) 0.193
  1. 3 Not applicable
  2. a Efficacy was defined as complete abortion performed on-site with no need for repeat surgical procedure in the case of D&E, or no need for any surgical intervention in the case of medical induction