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Table 4 Odds ratios and obesity-attributable fractions (AFs) for clinical items*

From: The time burden of overweight and obesity in primary care

Diagnosis Number of Cases Estimated Population % Odds Ratio p-value AF
(overweight + obese)
HbA1c      
   Normal 68 3.71 1.00 < 0.0001 38.72%
   Overweight 94 4.27 1.09 (0.75, 1.58)   
   Obese 251 9.29 2.78 (1.93, 4.01)   
Blood Pressure      
   Normal 1,704 97.15 1.00 0.569 0.05%
   Overweight 1,957 96.91 0.92 (0.53, 1.58)   
   Obese 2,558 97.55 1.14 (0.69, 1.88)   
Cholesterol      
   Normal 296 18.98 1.00 0.003 7.08%
   Overweight 374 18.73 0.93 (0.75, 1.16)   
   Obese 540 23.08 1.33 (1.04, 1.69)   
Diet/Nutrition      
   Normal 284 16.98 1.00 < 0.0001 23.04%
   Overweight 404 19.09 1.15 (0.91, 1.44)   
   Obese 759 28.26 1.93 (1.55, 2.41)   
Exercise      
   Normal 228 14.57 1.00 < 0.0001 23.61%
   Overweight 327 17.12 1.22 (0.96, 1.54)   
   Obese 606 23.66 1.85 (1.41, 2.43)   
Weight Reduction      
   Normal 26 1.3 1.00 < 0.0001 87.54%
   Overweight 117 6.22 5.55 (2.51, 12.28)   
   Obese 496 19.22 19.27 (8.55, 43.44)   
Depression      
   Normal 84 6.05 1.00 0.245 -24.58%
   Overweight 78 4.06 0.73 (0.44, 1.21)   
   Obese 78 3.79 0.68 (0.42, 1.09)   
EKG      
   Normal 81 6.86 1.00 0.430 -13.53%
   Overweight 106 6.05 0.84 (0.55, 1.29)   
   Obese 113 5.26 0.80 (0.57, 1.13)   
Physical Therapy      
   Normal 37 2.38 1.00 0.756 -6.71%
   Overweight 37 2.37 0.99 (0.65, 1.50)   
   Obese 53 2.17 0.85 (0.54, 1.35)   
  1. *Regressions adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, insurance status, solo vs. group practice, and number of visits in the previous 12 months. Regressions limited to patients with recorded BMI, excluding BMI < 18.5 kg/m2.