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Table 5 Unadjusted Total Inpatient Costs (2007 $US), by Surgical Category and Bleeding-related Complication and/or Blood Product Transfusion Status

From: Impact of bleeding-related complications and/or blood product transfusions on hospital costs in inpatient surgical patients

Study Measure Complication* No Complication
Cardiac   
   Number of Patients 49,293 54,533
   Mean (SD) $43,125 ($38,283) $26,073 ($22,083)
   Median (Range) $33,468 ($24,921-$47,466) $22,512 ($14,620-$31,365)
Vascular   
   Number of Patients 68,211 147,980
   Mean (SD) $40,116 ($49,461) $14,288 ($19,146)
   Median (Range) $24,989 ($13,664-$46,806) $9,020 ($5,666-$15,952)
Non-cardiac thoracic   
   Number of Patients 48,854 93,699
   Mean (SD) $50,081 ($57,926) $19,213 ($25,388)
   Median (Range) $32,695 ($16,749-$62,442) $12,334 ($7,387-$21,127)
Solid organ   
   Number of Patients 12,988 32,699
   Mean (SD) $41,667 ($49,699) $16,480 ($20,877)
   Median (Range) $24,390 ($14,772-$47,692) $11,044 ($7,890-$17,125)
General   
   Number of Patients 99,812 262,695
   Mean (SD) $28,499 ($42,485) $11,937 ($14,291)
   Median (Range) $15,493 ($7,980-$31,092) $8,840 ($5,934-$13,325)
Knee/hip replacement   
   Number of Patients 73,795 173,020
   Mean (SD) $18,973 ($12,247) $14,966 ($7,075)
   Median (Range) $16,256 ($13,094-$21,246) $13,742 ($11,221-$17,209)
Reproductive organ   
   Number of Patients 28,951 355,180
   Mean (SD) $13,943 ($19,905) $6,220 ($5,009)
   Median (Range) $8,849 ($6,078-$14,413) $5,262 ($4,024-$7,090)
Spinal   
   Number of Patients 16,068 91,117
   Mean (SD) $41,917 ($34,525) $20,511 ($16,114)
   Median (Range) $32,813 ($22,393-$49,884) $16,557 ($10,541-$25,709)
  1. SD = standard deviation
  2. *Bleeding complication and/or blood product transfusion
  3. Note: 15 patients were excluded from the economic analysis because their hospital costs exceeded $1,000,000