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Table 3 Differences in baseline characteristics between DMP and usual-care patients

From: Selection effects may account for better outcomes of the German Disease Management Program for type 2 diabetes

Variable usual-care patients
(n = 250)
DMP patients
(n = 586)
p*
Age (in years): mean ± standard deviation (SD) 67.4 ± 12.5
(n = 250)
66.0 ± 10.3
(n = 586)
0.041
Gender: men 128 (51.2%) 312 (53.2%) 0.588
Duration of diabetes (in years) ± SD 5.2 ± 5.5
(n = 218)
6.8 ± 7.2
(n = 574)
0.016
Co-morbidity: depression 28 (11.3%) 52 (9.1%) 0.313
Smoking behaviour: non-smoking 157 (78.9%) 466 (84.7%) 0.059
GHb value (in %) ± SD 6.9 ± 1.2
(n = 224)
7.0 ± 1.1
(n = 581)
0.153
Systolic BP value (in mmHg) ± SD 144 ± 23
(n = 208)
139 ± 17
(n = 581)
0.002
Oral medication 119 (50.4%) 384 (66.3%) < 0.001
Insulin dependency 32 (13.6%) 90 (15.5%) 0.471
Blood glucose self-monitoring 45 (20.1%) 158 (28.8%) 0.012
Urinary glucose self-monitoring 5 (2.2%) 55 (10.4%) < 0.001
Prescription of diabetes education before DMP start 25 (12.9%) 206 (40.4%) < 0.001
GP-rated motivation of the patients low: 148 (78.3%)
medium: 23 (12.2%)
high: 18 (9.5%)
low: 199 (42.1%)
medium: 156 (33.0%)
high: 118 (25.0%)
< 0.001
  1. * Statistically significant results (p ≤ 0.05) in italic and bold letters.