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Table 2 General characteristics and DMCs (CNY)of the subjects

From: Factors affecting costs and utilization of type 2 diabetes healthcare: a cross-sectional survey among 15 hospitals in urban China

Variables Value Number (%) Mean annual DMC (SE) P value*
City Beijing 375 (24.6) 8413 (430) 0.142
  Guangzhou 376 (24.7) 8716 (829)  
  Shanghai 373 (24.5) 8095 (457)  
  Chengdu 400 (26.2) 6562 (975)  
Sex Male 616 (41.7) 8410 (562) 0.254
  Female 862 (58.3) 7581 (465)  
Lifestyle intervention Yes 854 (57.9) 7772 (446) 0.618
  No 622 (42.1) 8135 (592)  
Drug therapy Yes 1346 (91.1) 7593 (357) 0.003
  No 130 (8.9) 11359 (1687)  
Insulin therapy Yes 485 (32.9) 11047 (707) < 0.001
  No 990 (67.1) 6389 (399)  
Medical insurance Urban employee insurance 1261 (85.3) 8275 (394) 0.080
  Commercial insurance 18 (1.2) 8061 (1678)  
  Cooperative Medical Scheme 23 (1.6) 2965 (749)  
  None 176 (11.9) 6167 (1128)  
Individual monthly income (CNY) < = 2000 1009 (68.3) 7523 (436) 0.099
  > 2000 469 (31.7) 8795 (629)  
Education level < = 9 years 637 (43.1) 7805 (552) 0.758
  < 9 years 840 (56.9) 8028 (472)  
Employed Yes 241 (15.9) 6571 (686) 0.093
  No 1234 (84.1) 8201 (408)  
Admission hospital Secondary 196 (13.3) 9202 (669) 0.233
  Tertiary 1282 (86.7) 7759 (400)  
Complication(s) Yes 792 (52.0) 10320 (633) < 0.001
  No 732 (48.0) 5372 (276)  
Disease course < = 5 years 580 (38.1) 6416 (528) < 0.001
  > 5 years 944 (61.9) 8869 (478)  
  1. Note: total number amounts may vary due to missing values; SE: Std. Err; *: P values were obtained from one-way ANOVA test.; ‡: P < 0.01.
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